Most gardeners prefer to plant perennial tall flowers: firstly, they do not need to be planted every season; secondly, they look good both in groups and in single plantings. Tall flowers can easily mask all the “unfortunate places” in the garden, as well as plant them along the edge of the site, thus creating a semblance of a decorative hedge.
Tall flowers for the garden: adenophora, ankhuz, arabis
Adenophora, bell (ADENOPHORA). Bellflower family.
About 50 species of tall (up to 150 cm) herbs grow in Europe and East Asia. The root goes deep into the soil, pivotal. Numerous stems, covered with narrow alternate leaves, end with an apical paniculate inflorescence of drooping small bells .
Types and varieties:
Adenophore lily-leaved (A. LiLiifoLia) .
Adenophora three-pointed (A. tricuspidata) .
Adenophora four-leafed (A. tetraphyLLa) .
Adenophora broadleaf (A. LatifoLia) – the leaves are collected in whorls.
Growing conditions. For these tall garden flowers, sunny or semi-shaded areas with rich neutral soils are suitable, they do not tolerate waterlogging.
Reproduction. Mainly by seeds (sowing before winter) or in spring after stratification. The transplant is not well tolerated. Seedlings bloom in the second year. Landing – 9pcs. per 1 m2.
Used in mixborders in the background and in mixed flower beds. Good for cutting.
Adiantum bushes will decorate any shady corner of the garden. They are especially good among stones on rockeries and as solitary plantings against the background of low-growing ground cover, such as sedum sedum, spring omphalodes, heart-leaved tiarka, etc.
Anhuza, bullock (ANCHUSA). Borage family.
About 40 species of ankhuz grow in the Mediterranean. A bush 50-80 cm high is formed by thin erect branched stems bearing pubescent lanceolate leaves.
Types and varieties:
Ankhuz Italian (A. italica = A. azurea) .
Variety “DropImore” purple flowers.
“Loddon Royalist” – blue flowers.
Soddy anhuza (A. caespitosa) .
Growing conditions. Sunny areas with well-drained rich alkaline soils.
Reproduction. By dividing the bush (spring and late summer) and seeds (sowing in spring). Planting density -3 pcs. per 1 m2.
They are used in mixborders in the middle ground and in group plantings, in “natural garden” flower beds.
This rare plant is interesting for planting in shaded rockeries and as a border.
Arabis, rezuha (ARABIS). Cabbage family (cruciferous).
It is a genus of perennial tall flowers with over 100 species. Distributed in Europe, Asia, America. Plants with creeping (height 20-30 cm), clinging to the ground (but not rooting) shoots, covered with small, rounded, large-toothed, pubescent, wintering leaves. Flowers up to 1.5 cm wide, simple or double, in dense racemes.
Alpine Arabis (A. alpina) – up to 30 cm high.
Arabis Caucasian (A. caucasica) .
Growing conditions. Sunny places with well-drained, neutral, not very rich soils.
Reproduction. Seeds (sowing in spring), seedlings bloom the next year. Stem cuttings – after the end of flowering. Grow without division and transplants up to 10-15 years. Planting density -20 pcs. per 1 m2.
Tall perennial flowers for giving: atamanta and corolla
Atamant (ATHAMANTA). Celery (umbrella) family.
Atamantha Hainald (A. hainaldii) is a rhizomatous perennial, sprawling, openwork with bright green finely cut leaves and umbrellas of white flowers. The height of the bush is 40 cm, and the peduncles are 120 cm.
Growing conditions. Sunny places with fertile soils, normally moist.
reproduction. These tall flowers for summer cottages are propagated by dividing the bush (spring and late summer) and seeds (sowing before winter). A real perennial growing without division and transplantation for 10-15 years. Planting density – 5 pcs. per 1 m2.
Venechnik (ANTHERICUM). Asphodelaceae (lily) family.
About 30 species grow in the Mediterranean and North America. These are perennial short-rhizome herbs that form a dense bush of long narrow linear leaves collected in rosettes. From them in May-June grows a tall leafless branched stem, bearing a paniculate inflorescence of fragrant white star-shaped flowers. Height during flowering 50-60 cm.
Types and varieties:
Branched corolla (A. ramosum).
Corolla liliago (A. liliago).
Growing conditions. Sunny warm places with dry stony alkaline soils.
Reproduction. Seeds (sowing before winter). Seedlings bloom in the 2-3rd year. The division of the bush (at the end of summer). It grows slowly, does not tolerate transplantation well. Planting density – 9 pcs. per 1 m2.
These tall flowers for the garden are very spectacular, they are decorated with rockeries, mixed flower beds of dry-loving fragrant herbs such as hyssop, lavender, etc.
Tall perennial flowers for the garden: oregano and hyssop
Oregano (ORIGANUM). Family of yasnotkovye (labial).
Oregano (O. vulgare) is a tall perennial garden flower 50-80 cm high, growing in shrubs, forest glades, dry meadows throughout Russia (except for the northern regions). It has a thick dense rhizome and numerous softly pubescent branched reddish stems covered with oppositely arranged leaves. The flowers are small pinkish in corymbose inflorescence. The whole plant is fragrant. The cultivar ‘Aureum’ has leaves with yellow spots.
Growing conditions. These tall, perennial flowers are grown in full sun to semi-shade in well-drained soils.
reproduction. By seeds (sowing before winter), more often by dividing the bush. Quickly forms a dense curtain. Planting density – 9 pcs. per 1 m2.
Hyssop (HYSSOPUS). Family of yasnotkovye (labial).
Hyssop medicinal (H. officinalis) is a semi-shrub from dry, open forests of Southern Europe, 30-50 cm high, with dense woody branched decumbent shoots covered with narrow dark green leaves in whorls.
The whole plant exudes a strong odor.
“Decussatus” – with wider leaves.
“Albus” – white flowers.
“Ruber” – pink flowers.
Growing conditions. Sunny areas with fertile, well-drained soils.
Reproduction. Seeds (sowing in spring), dividing the bush (spring), cuttings (summer). Planting density – 5 pcs. per 1 m2.
These tall perennial garden flowers are used in borders, mixed flower beds, rockeries, and also as an essential oil medicinal plant.
Tall perennials katran and mitella
Katran, crambe (CRAMBE). Cabbage family (cruciferous).
Medium-sized (50-60 cm) and tall (up to 150 cm) perennials with a taproot from the tumbleweed plant group. They have a basal rosette of large decorative leaves and a peduncle bearing an openwork paniculate inflorescence, which in autumn breaks off from the root and is carried by the wind like a ball across the steppes, scattering the seeds. All of them are plants of dry steppes.
Types and varieties:
Heart-leaved katran (C. cordifolia) – height 150 cm, from the steppes of Ciscaucasia.
Seaside katran (C. maritima) – grows on the sands of the Black Sea coast, height 50-60 cm, gray leaves.
Katran Tatar (C. tatarica) – a plant of the steppes, chalk slopes of Europe, height 40-50 cm, pinnately separated leaves.
Growing conditions. Katrans are grown in sunny places with rich, fertile alkaline (enriched with lime), well-drained soils. Seaside katran is a plant of sandy, slightly brackish soils (a small amount of ordinary salt can be added to the soil).
reproduction. Only seeds, sowing before winter. Seedlings bloom in the 3-4th year. Planting density – single.
A magnificent plant for single plantings among the lawn, which emphasizes the beauty of the large leaves of the katran and the delicacy of its inflorescence. Suitable for arrangements and winter bouquets.
These garden tall flowers are good for creating high ground cover.