The color of these marvelous plants is so bright and juicy that even flowers fade before them. Looks great both on the windowsill of your cozy kitchen and in the natural conditions of tropical rainforests. They are unpretentious and have a strong positive energy. All this is said about the begonia, beautiful, varied and original.
Housewives are always concerned about the question of how to properly care for the plant so that the adaptation period after the purchase is successful. Also one of the pressing problems is the protection of leafy begonias from pests and diseases .
A bit of history: decorative begonia
In 1690, Charles Luier, a Franciscan monk, on a scientific expedition to the West Indies, found about a dozen plant species that he could not attribute to any known genus at that time. Therefore, he decided to name leafy begonias in honor of his friend Michael Bagon. Everyone who has ever seen begonia pictures , could not remain indifferent to such a palette of colors, a variety of forms of inflorescences and leaves. Anyone with a soft spot for houseplants will definitely want to add this original flower to their greenhouse collection. But haste has always hurt in matters of buying home flowers.
Firstly, if you have chosen your subject of care and adoration for the begonia pictures of which you liked, ask where the flower comes from, in what conditions it grew, what are its environmental requirements. Secondly, determine if the conditions of your apartment are suitable for begonias.
Here, consider the level of illumination, humidity, indoor temperature, especially for begonias in winter . Consider whether the conditions will be optimal for the plant. And be prepared for the fact that at first not everything will go smoothly, there may be small losses before you learn how to properly care for a flower.
How to plant begonia
It is necessary to plant tubers in March, because it usually takes about three months from tubers to the appearance of the first flowers. And begonias should bloom in June.
- Begonia sits in winter in those baskets, boxes and pots in which the flower will always grow. Or start with small pots of peat, which can later be transplanted together with the soil into a larger container. .
- Press the tubers down with the convex side down. Water the future flower, while trying not to get water into the recess of the tuber. When tuber sprouts appear, divide it into several parts and plant it in other boxes. But do not forget to pre-lubricate the cuts with brilliant green or sprinkle with ashes, and then let them dry.
- Feed your plants with mineral fertilizers.
- To know how to plant begonia , it is important to consider that open ground is equally suitable for her. The soil at the same time needs saturated, moist, with good drainage. Begonia is a thermophilic plant. It absolutely cannot stand frosts, even light ones. Therefore, it should be planted in flower beds only in early June. However, if your decorative begonia grows in boxes that are not difficult to carry from place to place, you can take it outside even in May, and if you notice that it is noticeably cold outside, immediately bring the flower into the house.
How to prevent begonia diseases
|Do not wet the soil too much|
|do not spray during flowering|
|carefully select fertilizers for top dressing|
External indicators of begonia disease
First of all, the hostess needs to know that begonia diseases usually appear if those simple requirements for caring for the plant have not been met. The whole often weakened and neglected plant begins to wither and lose its beautiful appearance. So, the main signs that your decorative begonia is sick:
- Yellowing of old leaves. Usually occurs in the summer due to lack of nutrition. More often the plant does not receive nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the right amount. If you notice signs of yellowing in winter, then the begonia is in a stuffy room with weak light.
- Yellow-brown leaves. The cause of begonia disease is poor-quality land or an abundance of calcium and chlorine in the water that the plant is watered with.
- Yellowing of all leaves. This occurs when the plant is too dry or from excessive watering. Heavy soil, stuffy room also contribute to the weakening of the plant. Therefore, loosen the ground more often and monitor the regularity of watering.
- Rolling leaves. Occurs due to sudden cold weather. Also affects the lack of trace elements (potassium, magnesium, boron, copper, iron).
- Pale green, almost white leaves. Non-compliance with all conditions for keeping decorative begonias – temperature, humidity, light, heat.
- Falling buds. It occurs due to a sharp temperature drop, lack of light, humidity. An excess of nitrogen can also be the cause.
Remember that it depends only on how attentive you are to your home flowers, how healthy, bright and beautiful they will be.