It is used as an ornamental leafy plant for interior decoration.
- Origin: South America.
- Family: nightshade.
- Content temperature: summer – +22 + 25°C, winter – +10 +12°C.
- Lighting: bright light.
- Watering: plentiful in summer, moderate in winter. Needs spraying.
Description: Tropical plant of the nightshade family. Its genus includes about 30 species. It is a flowering, perennial, evergreen shrub up to 1.5 m tall or a bushy tree that can grow up to 2 m or more at home. The leaves are entire-extreme, leathery, green, alternate on short petioles, up to 12 cm length. Up to 5 cm in diameter, fragrant flowers are blue, blue or purple. Blooms from February to May. An interesting feature of Brunfelsia is the ability to gradually change the color of flowers that live only 3 days. As a rule, on the 1st day they are colored dark blue, on the 2nd they change color to pale purple, and on the 3rd they become almost white.
Brunfelsia – houseplant care
The culture is very capricious, does not tolerate any changes: change of place, humidity, temperature. It will do best in a warm, well-lit area. On hot days, shade from direct sunlight. The optimum temperature for keeping the plant in summer is within +22 + 25°C, in winter +10 +12°C. Brunfelsia tolerates high room temperatures well in winter, but later this will negatively affect flowering and lead to leaf shedding.
It is necessary to water only with settled, preferably pre-boiled or rain water at room temperature. Brunfelsia is moisture-loving and care in summer means abundant watering, which keeps the soil constantly moist, in winter it is enough to water it 2-3 times a week with water heated to about + 25 ° C. The plant needs frequent spraying in the warm season, as it belongs to tropical species and does not tolerate dry air very well.
From the beginning of spring to the end of autumn, it needs to be fertilized with fertilizers for flowers 1 time in 2 weeks.
After the flowering period, young shoots appear on the branches – this is the best time for crown-forming pruning and annual, mandatory for young (up to 3 years old) transplant individuals. Adult specimens are transplanted as needed 1 time in 2-3 years.
Most often, Brunfelsia is affected by scale insects, aphids and mealybugs. To combat scale insects and aphids, you need to treat the bush with an insecticide or diluted in water in a proportion of 20 drops per 1 liter of actellik. And to get rid of the mealybug, it is enough to wipe the leaves with a cloth soaked in alcohol. It can get sick with leaf chlorosis – this occurs due to the use of too hard or cold water for irrigation.
Brunfelsia – soil
The culture is very demanding on the soil in which it grows. For the successful cultivation of Brunfelsia, the soil must consist of clay-turf, leafy, humus, peat soil and river sand in a ratio of 2:1:1:2:1 and always with good drainage.
Brunfelsia – growing from seeds
Propagated by seeds, cuttings and root division. Brunfelsia – growing a plant from seeds begins with their planting in early spring, in a mixture consisting of sand and peat in equal proportions.
An indoor greenhouse is best suited, in which it is necessary to maintain a temperature not lower than + 18 ° C and moisten the soil by spraying with warm water 3-4 times a week. After 4-6 weeks shoots will appear, and seedlings will bloom in winter. 2 weeks after flowering, seedlings can be planted in separate pots with a brunfelsia substrate.
Brunfelsia few-flowered (Brunfelsia pauciflora)
At home, it grows up to 1.5 m, in nature up to 2.5-3 m. Brunfelsia few-flowered is an evergreen shrub with beautiful leathery, alternately arranged oval green leaves up to 10 cm long and pointed at the end, sessile on short petioles . Small flowers, up to 6 cm in diameter, gradually change color from white to purple and are collected in umbrella inflorescences on the floor. The fruits are round, red berries.
It blooms from February to March with gradually blooming flowers, which allows you to simultaneously observe the transitions of shades from purple to pure white. Under favorable conditions and proper care, flowering is so abundant that greenery is not visible because of the flowers. This species is most often grown as an indoor ornamental plant.
Brunfelsia grandiflora (Brunfelsia grandiflora)
Shrub from 2 to 2.5 m tall and about 2 m in diameter with a stem covered with a brown, flaky crust. Bunfelsia grandiflora has spectacular oblong-oval, alternate, entire up to 30 cm long glossy green leaves, pointed at the end with pinnately depressed veins. Tubular flowers with a pleasant aroma, several pieces at the ends of the branches in umbellate inflorescences, with a changeable color: white, lavender, purple.
Brunfelsia large-leaved (Brunfelsia latifolia)
Up to 2 meters tall evergreen shrub, with a straight strongly branched green trunk. Brunfelsia large-leaved differs from other species in larger and wider, oval-shaped, with a grayish tint, dark green matte leaves. Small flowers, up to 3 centimeters in diameter, first lavender, then snow-white with a pleasant aroma and winter flowering.