In many houses where indoor flowers are grown, as a rule, at least one begonia will certainly be found. The popularity of this plant is well deserved: decorative-flowering varieties of begonias delight with their bright unusual flowers, and decorative-deciduous varieties captivate not only with the beauty of patterned leaves, but also with the ease of caring for them.
Among other indoor flowers, decorative leafy begonia compares favorably in that it does not require any complicated care. She needs regular watering, especially in summer. In winter, when the humidity in the room is low, spraying the leaves of the plant will be useful. Such begonias grow well in rooms with good external lighting, however, it is undesirable to expose a pot of begonias to areas that receive sunlight. Like many houseplants, begonia actively begins to grow after fertilizing the soil, however, it is enough to do this procedure once every few weeks, and then in the warm season. There are no special requirements for the pots in which begonias are planted. However, it is worth clarifying that wide pots are more suitable for begonias with a creeping rhizome, and hanging pots for ampelous ones.
What care does decorative flowering begonia require at home?
Unlike most decorative leafy houseplants, decorative flowering begonia is more whimsical and requires special care. Flowering begonias are best placed in well-lit areas, but in such a way as to exclude direct sunlight from them. It is also necessary to ensure good watering, while the water should not stagnate. Ideally, the humidity in the room where such begonia grows should be at least 50-60%.
It is also worth noting that the blooming begonia indoor flower is prone to disease. For example, excessive watering threatens with blackening and falling leaves. In this case, the roots of the plant should be slightly ventilated, and the earth in the pot should be dried, for which it is slightly loosened. Insufficient air humidity causes begonia leaves to turn yellow and dry. Since it is impossible to spray a flowering begonia, it is advisable to place water containers next to it when such signs appear. You should also carefully consider those plants that are adjacent to begonia, since it very easily “picks up” the diseases of other indoor flowers. Begonia disease in the photo:
Two important chemical elements for begonias at home
|Nitrogen provides rapid growth of leaf mass
|Phosphorus provides colorful blooms
How do indoor begonia flowers reproduce in particular?
Like most plants, indoor begonias are best propagated in the spring. Room begonia has a remarkably developed ability of vegetative reproduction. Depending on the group into which begonia is conditionally divided, its reproduction occurs as follows:
- tuberous flowering begonias are propagated by tubers that are planted in wet peat;
- leafy begonias reproduce perfectly by dividing the thickened rhizome;
- bushy begonias, as a rule, begin their growth from young leaf or stem cuttings rooted in moist peat.
In addition, indoor begonia flower can be propagated in a non-vegetative way: seeds of decorative-flowering and ever-flowering begonia varieties are commercially available, which should be planted in late winter or early spring.
To the question of how and when indoor begonia plants in particular require transplantation
Periodically, indoor begonia flowers , including, require a transplant. Begonia, especially the young one, grows quite quickly, so it should be transplanted about once a year. You can determine whether a given flower needs a transplant by its roots: if they are heavily entangled in the ground or crawl out of a drainage hole, then a transplant is really necessary. By the way, this procedure is best done in the spring, when the active growth of the plant has not yet begun.
A pot for transplanting should always be chosen three centimeters in diameter larger than the previous one. Its bottom must be covered with drainage, on which the soil mixture is applied in a small layer. Next, the plant itself is placed in the pot and the rest of the earth is filled up. After all these manipulations, the begonia should be placed in a dark place. If necessary, after a few days, a little earth can be added to the pot. For growing begonias at home, a soil mixture containing peat, humus, turf and leaf soil, and sand is best suited.