Among gardeners and plant lovers, planting of begonias is quite often organized. Begonias grow in their natural environment in tropical rainforests and in mountains at an altitude of about 3-4 km above sea level. Begonias are less common in dry subtropical and tropical regions.
Many types of begonias are grown at home. The flowers of most species, of course, are small, but often there are so many of them that the entire bush is covered.
When planting begonias, keep in mind that you can grow begonias from seeds, as well as propagate them with leaf and stem cuttings. Stem cuttings must be rooted under glass in the sand, and for propagation, for example, broad-leaved begonias, take healthy, large leaves.
How to plant begonias for decorative purposes
According to gardeners, growing begonias and propagating them with plant seeds is a troublesome business. First of all, it is necessary to wait for the sowing period, which occurs in December-March. The sowing process itself is carried out in bowls filled with leafy soil, a mixture of leafy soil with peat, or directly with peat.
When growing begonias from seeds , do not forget that the seeds of the plants themselves are quite small, so they do not need to be buried, but lightly pressed down in the ground is enough. You can count on seedlings after 2 weeks, while their tubers are formed by winter.
Bush begonias such as Kredner begonia, noble begonia, sleeve begonia, alfalfa begonia, etc. are well suited for indoor cultivation. Lorrena room begonia is quite in demand, which blooms actively even in the autumn-winter period and has beautiful pink flowers of different shades.
Many types of begonias are actively used for landscaping and creating flower arrangements in residential premises. You can often see these plants in winter gardens, planters, when decorating trellises, windows.
Begonias are ideal for interior decoration in a romantic style. Some indoor begonias are used to decorate offices.
Planting Begonia Seeds
|Sowing is carried out on the surface of the sweat|
|Mandatory backlighting provided|
|Watering before germination is very careful, drip|
We grow indoor begonias correctly
At home, hybrid varieties of begonias are most often grown. So, as a room begonia, its varieties are used: decorative flowering begonias or decorative leafy begonias.
Regardless of whether you chose begonia seeds for growing or used a different method of planting and propagating the plant, all begonias need bright lighting. However, try not to get direct sunlight on the plant, for which you can cover it with blinds, cloth, gauze.
As for watering, seed begonia or tuber begonia requires a lot of water in summer, while watering should be moderate in autumn and winter. When planting begonias, it is important to choose the correct irrigation regime: the soil cannot be heavily waterlogged.
Provide the plant with a transplant. If there are begonia tubers of a tuberous plant species, then they are transplanted into fresh soil in early spring. Rhizome begonias should be repotted as needed when the pot is already too tight.
Do not forget also that for tuberous begonias , transplanting is best done after watering the plant the next day. Before transplanting, prepare the right amount of soil in advance, making sure that it is not too damp or dry.
When growing begonias with seeds, place the crops on the windowsill and close the glass. Remember to water them periodically, keeping the room temperature between 20-25°C.
If you have a tuberous begonia, growing such a plant has a number of its own characteristics. Do not forget that begonia seedlings require additional evening lighting until the end of March for better growth.
Plant propagation: begonia tubers
If you already have a begonia, plant propagation can be done by stem and leaf cuttings, as well as dividing the bush. Each type of begonia has its own reproduction characteristics, without taking into account which the plant will either not take root or bloom.
To propagate tuberous begonias, you need to have begonia tubers and seeds . Propagation by tubers is recommended as follows:
- in the autumn, tubers are taken out of the ground;
- cut the stems of the plant;
- carry out the cleaning of tubers from the ground;
- place peeled tubers in sand or peat, making sure that they do not dry out;
- provide a temperature regime of 8-10 ° C.
In order for the tuberous begonia to grow well, the tubers of the plant should be planted in February-May. For germination, it is recommended to plant tubers in small pots filled with sandy soil and water moderately.
It is important to remember that tuberous begonias are growing – germination is rather slow. The fact that the process is underway is evidenced by the roots and shoots that have appeared.