Usambara violets are the most common indoor flowers around the world. The number of their varieties can surprise even an experienced grower. However, not everything is as complicated as it seems at first glance. If you know some of the methods of their selection and agricultural technology, then with the help of these unpretentious plants you can set up a real garden on your windowsill. First you need to find out what the uzambar violet is, where its homeland is and what conditions it needs to create for its growth.
- Gesneriaceae family .
- Homeland – East Africa.
The Uzambara violet is considered one of the most beloved indoor plants, due to the extraordinary beauty of flowers and leaves, as well as long flowering.
Uzambara violet, description
This flower is a low herbaceous plant with a short stem and a rosette of numerous long-leaved leaves. The leaves are velvety, oval, round or ovate, with a heart-shaped base. Depending on the variety, the upper side of the leaves is varied in color: from light to dark green, the lower side is pale green or purple, with sharply protruding veins.
The flowers of this type of violet are medium-sized. Their number on one peduncle is from 3 to 7. During mass flowering, one plant can simultaneously have up to 80-100 flowers. Flowering continues up to 8 months. Currently, about 1200 species of this plant have been bred. All of them are different in size, color and shape of leaves and flowers. The appearance of flowers is striking in variety: they can be either simple or terry with fringed and wavy petals, and the color is white, pink, raspberry, blue, blue, purple, two-tone.
Uzambara violet: growing conditions
These flowers grow well on the western and eastern windows. Cultivation is also allowed on the north side. Direct sunlight is strictly contraindicated, from which burns occur on the leaves. Does not tolerate cold air and drafts. The optimum temperature for growing is 18-22 degrees Celsius. Watering should be carried out very carefully and carefully. This flower does not tolerate both overflows and overdrying of an earthy coma.
Uzambara violet: breeding
You can propagate the uzambar violet by leaf cuttings. Reproduction can be done throughout the year, but the most favorable time is in spring and summer, when the plant is in the phase of active growth. For cuttings, you need to take fully developed leaves with a cutting length of 1-1.5 cm. The cutting is placed in water, sand or a mixture of peat soil and sand. Rooting occurs in 3-4 weeks. Young leaves appear in 1.5-2 months. Plants are transplanted first into small pots in the ground of the following composition: 2 parts of leaf, 3 peat, 1 part of sod, humus soil and sand. In addition, good drainage is essential. Then, after 1.5-2 months, the flowers are transplanted into larger pots. Systematic top dressing is necessary. The transplanted plant begins to bloom in 6-7 months.
Violets also reproduce well by dividing the bush. When daughter rosettes appear on the mother plant, they are separated and transplanted.
Violet flower Saintpaulia is a favorite and common flower in indoor and greenhouse floriculture. She received such recognition for her beauty, duration of flowering and amazing variety. This violet is included in the main range of flower farms in the world.
In general, this flower can easily become a decoration of any interior. The extraordinary charm of violets always pleases the eye and brings picturesqueness to any composition.
Uzambara violet growing features
Features of growing Uzambara violets will not confuse even beginner flower growers. These are fairly hardy plants. However, a certain comfort for them will be created under the following climatic conditions:
- air temperature: 18-22 degrees of heat;
- watering: summer: weak;
- Winter: limited;
- air humidity: summer: normal;
- Winter: low;
- earth mixture: light;
- hydroponics: cultivated.