Plant type: perennial, herbaceous.
Description: representative of the lily family. In the wild, this hardy plant has a wide range of habitats. Mostly uvularia grow in moist forests, and gardeners often transplant them into gardens and then propagate them by division. The unformed rhizome is slimy and pungent in smell. The main stem at the top is usually divided into two parts. They bloom in the spring and are often planted under deciduous trees, where they produce the most spectacular blooms. The plant reaches a height of 30 to 60 cm.
- Origin: North America.
- Growing environment: garden or greenhouse.
- Care: Uvularia is easy to care for.
- Lighting: shade or partial shade is best for uvularia.
- Growth rate: average.
- Aroma: absent.
Flowering: in spring. Hanging flowers are single and have a green-yellow hue, and their size is from 2 to 5 cm. The flowering period is from April to June. Uvularia flowers are hermaphrodites and are pollinated by various insects.
Foliage: compressed or stemless, smooth, elliptical in shape, rounded at the base. The length of the leaves is from 5 to 7 cm. On the inside it has a grayish-green tint.
Soil Type: Requires well-drained, slightly acidic soil. Loams are best. For the best effect, sand should be added to the soil. To improve drainage, add compost or manure to the soil 7-10 days before planting.
Fertilizers: Uvularia will grow well if there is a large amount of organic fertilizer in the soil. You can also fertilize flowering plants once every 10-15 days.
Watering: The soil should always be moist. You can use rainwater for irrigation, but be careful as it may contain harmful acids. Use warm water.
Reproduction: carried out by division or planting seeds. If you are going to plant uvularia seeds, it is best to plant them in the garden in late summer. Seeds must be fresh. Plant the seeds on a flat surface and sprinkle them with a thin layer of soil. The soil must be kept moist at all times. The first shoots appear after 1-6 months. The distance between plants should be between 15 and 30 cm. A shady location in the garden should be chosen, and the soil should be slightly acidic and saturated with nutrients. Keep the pH level between 5 and 6.
Planting: When growing seedlings indoors, it is advisable to plant the seedlings in separate pots and keep them in the greenhouse until the first winter. As soon as the last frosts pass, the seedlings should be planted in the garden.
Pests: Slugs and snails may appear. To get rid of pests, purchase special chemicals, but make sure they are not harmful to pets.
Application: Uvularia is used for medical purposes. It has a tonic and sedative effect. It is often used as a component for a decoction of medicinal plants. It is a substitute for cypripedium. The pharmaceutical properties of the flower have a positive effect in the treatment of oral wounds, throat diseases, and inflammation of the gums. A poultice of the plant helps to cure various ulcers.
Great for growing in beds or borders. Uvularia grandiflora is used for decorative purposes to decorate stone gardens.
Optional: since uvularia grows in wooded areas, it is advisable to mulch the soil with foliage. The plant is resistant to cold and can withstand frosts down to -20°C. This flower does not tolerate dry soil very well. If your plant is overgrown, then divide it in early spring, before the period of intensive growth begins.