Scilla (lat. Scilla ) – a bulbous plant, characterized by extremely early flowering. It is currently classified in the Asparagus family, previously it was classified in the Hyacinth family. The second name of the plant is blueberry. The genus includes about 90 species. Homeland is Africa and Asia, also this flower in its natural habitat is found in Europe.
A distinctive feature of this culture is that the leaves stay closer to the ground on cold days, and are in an upright position in warm weather.
The inflorescences are racemose, consist of large flowers of blue, blue, pale pink and other colors. The blooming of the blueberry begins in early – mid-spring, for which it is referred to as primroses. The fruit is a box with dark triangular seeds.
Species and varieties
Many varieties are successfully grown in household plots. Below are descriptions of various types of scilla and photos of the most popular varieties of scilla.
Bell-shaped bluebell ( Scilla hispanica ). Ranked among one of the most attractive species of Scylla. It is a shrub 20–30 cm high. It has straight long peduncles with racemose inflorescences, which contain 5 or more bell-shaped flowers, 2 cm in diameter. Their color can be blue, pink, boiled white. Flowering begins in April – May, depending on the region, lasts for a month.
“Rose Queen” – a bush up to 20 cm high. Inflorescences develop on straight peduncles – brushes with bell-shaped pink flowers. The buds have a light pleasant aroma.
“Rozabella” – a plant with erect peduncles 30 cm high. Inflorescences are dense, racemose, with 5 – 10 pink-lilac buds. In the evening, the aroma of flowers is more intense and strong than in the daytime.
“Sky Blue” – an expressive variety with large blue flowers. The petals have a blue border.
“La Grandes” – valued for abundant flowering, during which up to 15 snow-white buds bloom on a bush.
Scilla bifolia ( Scilla bifolia ). A low-growing variety, the height of which is 20 – 25 cm. Up to 3 peduncles are formed on one plant with buds of pale pink or white color. Up to 10 – 15 flowers can form on each peduncle. Flowering begins in the first or second half of April, lasts for 4 weeks.
Autumn scilla ( Scilla autumnalis ). The height of the stems and leaves of this species is 15 – 20 cm. Up to 5 strong straight peduncles with loose racemose inflorescences develop on one plant. The flowers are bell-shaped, light lilac. Flowering occurs in the second half of July, lasts for 3 – 4 weeks.
Peruvian blueberry ( Scilla peruviana ). A bush 30 – 35 cm high. During flowering, it releases 2 – 3 arrows with loose racemose inflorescences. The flowers are bell-shaped, 1 cm in diameter, deep blue in color. One inflorescence can contain 70 – 80 flowers. The leaves are linear, bright green, up to 30 cm long, up to 2 cm wide.
Siberian blueberry ( Scilla sibirica ). Peduncles of this species appear simultaneously with the leaves. The inflorescences are dense, consist of several blue flowers, inside of which nectar is contained. The buds of the Siberian blueberry open in the morning, close after 3-4 hours in the afternoon.
“Spring Beauty” – has strong straight purple-green peduncles with 5 – 6 bell-shaped flowers of purple color. Their diameter is 2.5 – 3 cm.
“Alba” is a very beautiful flower with snow-white inflorescences and linear, rich green foliage. Outwardly, this variety of blueberry looks like a snowdrop.
Scylla is one of the most unpretentious garden plants that can take root in almost any area. Under natural conditions, it prefers to grow on loose, moist substrates.
As for the choice of site, the blueberry develops equally well in both illuminated and shaded areas. The plant can be planted in any part of the flower garden, it will definitely adapt and will bloom profusely.
Despite the unpretentious nature of the blueberry, it is necessary to take into account some of its features when growing. So, before planting, it is recommended to prepare the site, dig it up, if you plan to grow blue and blue varieties, you should add organic matter.
Wood ash is added to acidic soils. If the soil is dense, it is necessary to add sand during digging. This will help the root system get enough oxygen, moisture and nutrients.
It is advisable to plant the bulbs on the site a month before the expected flowering. When deepening, it is recommended to focus on the dimensions of the planting material. Large specimens are buried by 5–8 cm, medium and smaller ones by 3–4 cm.
After planting the bulbs, watering is carried out, the plantings are mulched with dry foliage. Mulching in summer allows the soil to retain moisture for a long time, not to dry out, in winter it protects from low temperatures.
Reproduction by seeds
Sometimes gardeners practice the seed method of scilla propagation. To obtain seed material, the bolls are fully ripened (in most varieties they ripen in June), then the seeds are collected and immediately planted in the ground.
For planting, the blueberries make ridges into which the seeds of this crop are densely covered. After the emergence of seedlings, they are thinned out, leaving the strongest. Flowering can be expected 4 years after sowing.
After planting in open ground, Scilla does not require the creation of special conditions, it is enough to carry out simple standard care, which will consist of watering and top dressing.
- Watering. Spillage does not need frequent watering. It is enough to moisten the soil 1 – 2 times a week, after the substrate dries out by 3 – 4 cm. It is better to perform water procedures in the morning. It is necessary to water so that water does not get on the buds, as this will negatively affect their appearance. After watering, be sure to carry out weeding and loosening. To keep the work of caring for the sprouts to a minimum, you should scatter mulch near the bushes.
- Topdressing. The beauty of the spring flower of the blueberry lies not only in bright buds, but also in rich green foliage, which covers the area with a lush carpet. In order for the leaves to retain their juicy color for as long as possible, not to turn yellow, not to be damaged by chlorosis, the plant should be fed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers. Yellowing leaves indicate iron deficiency. If this problem is found, the substrate should be enriched with iron chilate. In addition, you need to feed the flower with organic fertilizers and mineral compounds. This work is best done before flowering or at its completion. In the spring, it is recommended to scatter fertilizer over the site during the melting of snow, then it will fall into the ground along with water.
- Other activities. When breeding this culture, it should be borne in mind that it easily propagates by self-sowing, so you will have to remove unnecessary specimens from the site, or cut off faded inflorescences in a timely manner.
- Transfer. In order for the blueberry to successfully develop and bloom, it should be replanted every three years. This will allow the plants to continue to bloom profusely and retain their beauty. After digging up the bush, the children are separated from the bulb and transplanted. Transplantation is carried out in the second half of September – early October.
- Wintering. At the end of flowering, flower stalks are removed, leaf plates are cut off after they have completely withered. To protect against frost, the aerial part of the plant is sprinkled with a layer of dry foliage.
- Fight against diseases and pests. Due to the high humidity of the soil, Scilla bulbs are affected by rot. You can determine the disease by yellowing leaves. The affected flower is dug up and destroyed, since it will no longer be possible to reanimate it. To prevent rotting, the bulbs are treated with a fungicide before planting, then dried and placed in the soil.
Rodents living in personal plots can destroy the bulbs. To save the plants, you will need a metal mesh that digs into the ground and prevents the penetration of mice to the underground part of the bush.
The main pest infecting the blueberry is the root mite. The insect lays larvae in bulbs. Over time, they begin to feed on the juice of the plant, as a result of which the flower withers and dries. To destroy a harmful insect, the site for planting Scilla is treated with an insecticide.