Flowers Swimsuit (Trollius)

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Bathing suit (Trollius) is a genus of perennial flowering herbaceous plants belonging to the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae), common in cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

Characteristics of the flower bathing suit

  • Family: ranunculus
  • Origin: Europe, Asia, North America
  • Rootstock: short
  • Stem: straight
  • Leaves: palmately divided or lobed
  • Fruit: leaflets collected in a spherical infructescence
  • Reproductive capacity: propagated by cuttings, seeds and division of bushes
  • Light: Prefers partial shade
  • Watering: moisture-loving
  • Content temperature: winter-hardy
  • Flowering time: late spring – early summer

General description of the flower Swimsuit (Trollius) with a photo

Representatives of the genus are herbaceous perennial plants 30-150 cm high, with straight, unbranched or branching stems in the upper part and shiny, dark green leaves of lobed or palmately divided shape. They have a shortened rhizome with many black or dark brown cord-like roots.

Flower bathing suit in the photo

Most species in the first year form only a rosette of leaves, from which a peduncle appears in the second year, covered with leaves in its upper third, at the end of which a spectacular large brightly colored flower blooms. As can be seen in the photo of the swimsuit below, its lower leaves are usually petiolate, larger, the upper ones are smaller, sessile, lateral stems often form in their axils. Flowers are also formed on them, the size of which is smaller than on the central stem.

The swimsuit flower (see photo below) is usually yellow or bright orange, and can be up to 7 cm in diameter. There are species with a color transition from green to yellow or orange, and a jagged edge of the petals. The plant belongs to the ranunculus, therefore, like many members of the family, the swimsuit has bright sepals, not petals.

They are petal-shaped, from 5 to 20 pieces, united in a corolla-shaped perianth, crumbling after flowering. The petals themselves – narrow, linear or expanded, are modified into honey glands – nectaries.

They are numerous and may be longer, shorter, or equal to the sepals, depending on the species. Stamens and pistils are located on the receptacle in a spiral. The shape of the bathing suit flower is characteristic of all species, it can be spherical or semi-open to open. In many representatives, the inner cavity of the corolla is closed, it has only a small hole in the upper part, which makes it possible to protect the pollen of the plant from rain or dew. Inside the vault, the temperature is usually 4-5 degrees C higher than outside, so insects often hide there from rain and cold. Flowers have a faint pleasant aroma, reminiscent of the smell of tangerines.

The fruit is modular, consists of many leaflets, opening along the inner seam and formed into a spherical infructescence. The seeds of the swimsuit are black, oval in shape, 1.5-2 mm in size, quickly losing their germination capacity, therefore, when seed propagation, it is preferable to sow them in the fall, immediately after harvest.

The area of growth of culture is quite wide. The flower can be found in the forests and damp meadows of Eastern Europe, Siberia and the Far East, in Western Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia, it lives in mountainous regions. Some species can be found in the Arctic, two in North America. Despite the wide distribution area, in many regions the bathing suit is listed in the Red Book. This beautiful flower is often collected by the population in uncontrolled quantities, in addition, due to land reclamation, its habitats are destroyed, which is why many species are classified as endangered.

This beautiful flower is often collected by the population in uncontrolled quantities, in addition, due to land reclamation, its habitats are destroyed, which is why many species are classified as endangered.

There are two versions of the origin of the scientific name of the plant. According to the first, it comes from the German word Trollblume, meaning “flower of the trolls”, since, according to numerous Scandinavian and old Germanic legends, the bathing suit was the favorite flower of these fabulous creatures. There is also a more prosaic version, according to which the name of the culture comes from the Latin word “trulleus”, which means “round vessel” or “bowl”, and reflects the characteristic shape of the European bathing suit inflorescence, the most famous and widespread species in Europe.

The Russian name has ancient roots, it is believed that it is associated with the time of mass flowering of the plant, which falls on June 23 according to the old and July 6 according to the new style, on the day that the Slavs called Agrafena Kupalnitsa. At the same time, another pagan holiday, Ivan Kupala, was also celebrated. In honor of these two ancient Slavic holidays, the flowers of the bathing suit were named. Although, perhaps this name of the culture is simply due to the fact that it prefers wet places along rivers and streams, and the flowering time coincides with the opening of the bathing season.

The plant has been cultivated in culture since the end of the 16th century, it was at this time that one of the most common species, the European bathing suit, appeared in European gardens. Another widely known flower, the Asiatic bathing suit, became known in Europe only in the second half of the 18th century, after its seeds were transferred to Carl Linnaeus by the Russian scientist and traveler of Swedish origin Eric Laxman, a researcher of the flora and fauna of Siberia. Both earlier and at present, the culture is used quite limitedly in decorative floriculture, only a few large-flowered varieties and varieties are bred. As you can see in the photo, bathing suit flowers are planted in mixborders, in groups under trees and near shrubs. They lend themselves to distillation, stand well in the cut and are used to create flower arrangements.

Some species in the east are considered medicinal, but they must be taken with caution, since the roots of all bathing suits are poisonous. In official medicine are not used.

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