Plant type: perennial.
Description: a compact plant with large flowers of white, pink, red shades, 7 cm wide. In nature, it grows on lawns. Cultivars are much larger and more showy. There are also miniature species in the genus, such as the pompon daisy. These plants are often used for planting in containers, placing on balconies. They belong to the aster family. In height from 5 to 20 cm. In the genus there are both perennials and biennials.
- Origin: southern Europe.
- Growing environment: indoor conditions, garden or greenhouse.
- Leaf ornament: absent. Foliage is medium sized green.
- Flowering: yes. The daisy flower is highly valued by gardeners because of its beauty, it begins to open in early spring and continues to bloom until late summer.
Light: The perennial daisy requires full sunlight. This type of lighting means that your flower should receive more than six hours of direct sunlight. While the landing site is not exactly determined, light conditions may change during the day or even the year. The north and west sides of the house receive the least amount of light, with the north side being the most shady. The south and east sides of the house receive the most light and are considered the hottest due to the intense midday solar heat.
You will notice that shady and sunny conditions change throughout the day. For example, even the east side of the house may be shady due to shadows cast by large trees or from any building located nearby. If you have just bought a house or have started gardening in your old house for the first time, then it is recommended to trace the sunny location throughout the day before growing daisies. So, you can most correctly choose a place with suitable lighting conditions.
Watering: moderate to heavy. Normal watering is determined by the fact that moisture should pass to a depth of 45 cm, but periodically dry up to a depth of 17 cm between waterings. Moist, well-drained soil is also excellent conditions for daisies. The soil should not be either boggy or damp. If the soil is only damp, then due to its structure, moisture can be depleted. For daisies, 2.5 cm of water column per week is often sufficient. To improve the soil and retain moisture, it is recommended to add compost. Moreover, you can use soil mulching 7 cm thick, which will better retain moisture in the soil.
When watering, avoid excessive moisture. The most important thing is to water regularly, but as the soil becomes dry. During the first two years, regular watering plays a decisive role in the development of the flower, and the first year you need to carefully monitor the watering rate. If possible, it is better to water a daisy once, but deeply, than often, but in small quantities.
Soil Type: The soil should contain some sand or clay. The pH level should range from 5.5 to 7.
Fertilization: Young daisies need to be supplemented with phosphorus to maintain good root development. When choosing fertilizers, make sure that the element phosphorus (P) is listed second on the package. When planting a flower, use the recommended amount of top dressing, which is indicated on the package. Top dressing is desirable to add during the first growing season.
Reproduction: seeds in spring. The daisy, which is not so difficult to grow from seeds, requires only one condition: the temperature should be around 21°C. Germination will begin in 10-14 days.
Pests: powdery mildew. Powdery mildew is usually found on daisies if there is insufficient ventilation in the room or the wrong lighting is installed. This problem becomes even worse if the nights are cool and the days are warm and humid. Dew is white or gray in color and is usually found on the upper surface of daisy leaves. Foliage often turns yellow or brown, curls and falls off.
Application: These flowers are great for containers. Habanera daisy looks best in a container. Containers look great when used for decorative purposes. They are also convenient to place when there is no suitable soil in the garden, or the plant does not need a lot of soil, or when the drainage in the garden is at the bottom. If any other flowers are grown along with the daisy in the garden, then make sure they have the same cultural requirements. When choosing a container, pay attention to its depth and size, as this has a significant impact on root development and growth, so it is important to strike a balance between container size and a fully grown daisy. All vessels must have holes for drainage. A small mesh, broken clay pot, or coffee filter paper placed over the hole will keep the soil from washing out. It is advisable to fill the pot with moist potting soil from the packages, as it is evenly moist. The container should be filled halfway or to such a level that when planting the plants are right at the edge of the pot. The clod of earth surrounding the roots should be level with the soil after the flower is fully planted.