One of the varieties of violets is the marsh violet. This is a herbaceous perennial plant. Marsh violet is a perennial. Plant height from 5 to 15 cm. It grows mainly in the Central zone of the European part of Russia. Blooms from April to June. Fruits in July. Place of growth, both in the lowlands and in the foothills.
The leaves of the marsh violet are simple, collected in a basal rosette on long petioles with stipules. Peduncles up to 15 cm long, erect. The flowers have a double perianth, 1-2 cm in diameter. The color of the flowers is not very diverse. They are mostly light purple and whitish. The plant has no pronounced odor. The fruit is a box with a wall arrangement of seeds. The box has three sides with three sides, which, when cracked, open, scattering the seeds.
Marsh violet is a hygrophyte – it grows mainly in conditions of damp meadow moisture, as a rule, on damp soils. The places where this plant is most often found are the banks of reservoirs, swampy areas, swampy forests and meadows, etc.
Marsh violet: breeding methods and conditions of detention
Marsh violet is quite demanding on temperature. Therefore, the methods of reproduction and the conditions for keeping marsh violets differ from the methods of breeding flower crops familiar to gardeners.
Reproduction methods – seeds and vegetative. The flowers of this plant are adapted for pollination by various types of insects that feed on nectar and pollen.
Application area. The marsh violet is used both as an ornamental plant and as an excellent honey plant, as well as for decorating artificial reservoirs.
To grow marsh violets in an artificial environment, it must be borne in mind that this plant is very moisture-loving. When selecting soil and choosing propagation methods, it is necessary, if possible, to consult with a specialist in this field.
Violet family. A perennial herbaceous plant that does not have a leafy stem. The rhizome is thick, creeping, capable of producing a large number of rosettes of basal leaves. The leaves are simple, collected in a basal rosette. The leaf has a rounded, rarely reniform shape, slightly pointed at the apex, the edges are serrated. Flowers, as a rule, solitary, on pedicels, develop in the axils of basal leaves. The color scheme is poor: from white to dark purple. The aroma of flowers is quite strong, pleasant. It blooms most often in April-May, bears fruit in June.
Places of growth: southern mountain slopes, edges, clearings, clearings, broad-leaved forests. Well cultivated. Preference is given to loose fertile soils on sunny sides. Some shade is allowed. Watering is necessary as the soil dries up. Fragrant violet is included in the Red Book.
Fragrant violet: cultivation
This plant reproduces by seeds and vegetatively. In general, fragrant violet is a self-pollinating plant. There is no self-ejecting mechanism. Vegetatively propagated by ground shoots. The planted shoot blooms only in the second year.
For propagation of fragrant violets, it is best to use the seedling method of growing. To do this, in March or April, depending on the climatic conditions of your region, seeds are sown in a box. The container is pre-filled with soil that is light in structure with an admixture of soddy soil. Seedlings appear fairly quickly. When the second true leaf appears, the seedlings dive into separate containers. Fragrant violets can be planted in the ground after the threat of frost has passed and the soil warms up to +15 degrees.
Areas of application of fragrant violet
Fragrant violet, due to its rather rich chemical composition, is widely used for medical purposes, as well as in cosmetology.
Fragrant violet is an excellent assistant to the gardener. It has many amazing health benefits. They allow you to use fragrant violet as:
- essential oil plant.
In medicine, it is used for coughs, rheumatism, prophylactic against neoplasms, as a choleretic and anti-inflammatory agent, for headaches, convulsions, insomnia, for the treatment of skin diseases and for many other diseases.
Before making and using any medicine, you should consult your doctor.
In decorative floriculture, they are used for growing in flower beds, for landscaping balconies, in rock gardens and vases, etc. Fragrant violet flowers perfectly complement any composition.
This plant is widely used in perfumery for the manufacture of various perfumes. In this area, it is very popular in France, Italy, Spain, Algeria, Germany, etc. Fragrant violet is also used in cooking in order to flavor various sweets and drinks.