Jacobinia: photo, description and cultivation

HomeAll flowers that start with JJacobinia: photo, description and cultivation

Jacobinia (Jacobinia) belongs to the Acanthus family, its homeland is South America. Botanists often use other names for this plant – justice or justice. A small shade-tolerant shrub up to 1.2-1.5 m high.

For indoors, the meat-red jacobinia is most interesting, blooming all summer and autumn. Stem shoots are distinguished by their density and smooth surface of a greenish-pink hue. The internodes of the shrub are fleshy in red colors.

The leaves are dark green, large, slightly pubescent.

The plants form bright red or pink tubular flowers up to 5 cm long at the ends of the shoots, collected in spike-like blooms. The life span of each inflorescence is from 1.5 to 2 weeks.

Blooms depending on the species in winter and early spring or summer and autumn.

What does a jacobinia plant look like

Jacobinia flower is one of the few plants that looks attractive both during the flowering period and in the absence of inflorescences. Its evergreen leaves give a special elegance to the shrub.

That is why this ornamental shrub can decorate the interior of a house or garden all year round, delight the eyes of households and passers-by.

There is a belief among the people that this indoor plant with its positive energy can develop intuition among the owners, have a beneficial effect on relationships, create harmony and comfort in the house.

For beginner flower growers, indoor jacobinia flowers are just a godsend. Unpretentious to the habitat, hardy in adverse conditions, not capricious to care.

Such features make this plant an excellent option for the first inexperienced attempts to create home greenhouses. And most importantly – the result can exceed expectations, becoming a real pride for most housewives.

In order to be convinced of the attractiveness and beauty of the appearance of Jacobinia, take a look at the photo, and you will certainly become her true fan:

A variety of shapes and colors sometimes does not allow finding similarities between different species of this family. In some representatives, single flowers or decorative inflorescences are formed on the side branches, in others – on the tops.

Significant differences exist in the size of the flower petals, their shape, color, exotic bracts.

One-color scarlet, pink and purple, combinations of yellowish-red shades – not the whole list of the palette in which the lovely flowers of the shrub are painted.

To make the described picture more clear, pay attention to the photo of the Jacobinia flower and try to find common characteristics:

A few varieties of this ornamental plant are enough – and at home, without much effort, you can create a “paradise” with a wonderful palette of colors and shapes.

Jacobinia few-flowered, yellow, hot pink and other plant species

Breeders claim that today there are more than 50 species of various Jacobinia plants.

However, most of these representatives live in natural conditions. Not all of them managed to cultivate and adapt to home conditions.

The most popular among flower growers received the following types:

Jacobinia crimson (J. coccinea).

Jacobinia few-flowered (J. pauciflora).

Jacobinia meat-red (J. satea).

Jacobinia Fields (J. pohliana).

Jacobinia silk (J. sericea).

There are many reasons why these particular varieties deserve due attention and love.

To obtain sufficient information and explanations of this phenomenon, it is worth considering in detail the description of Jacobinia flowers of different varieties with a visual image in the photo:

This approach will allow not only to navigate the varieties of existing representatives, their characteristic characteristics, but also to deal with the peculiarities of habitat and care.

Jacobinia crimson is a fairly tall plant that reaches 2 m in height. The leaves are rounded with smooth edges. Inflorescences are located on the tops of the shoots and have a pronounced scarlet color. The flowering period is short – from August to mid-September.

Jacobinia few-flowered is the lowest representative of its family. Its maximum height does not exceed 60 cm. The stem shoots are curved with an abundance of rich green pointed leaf plates, whose length reaches 7 cm. The flowers are represented by single hanging tubular “candles”. Their coloring combines a colorful combination of yellow and red tones. The abundance of flowers on the chic “hair” of the bush resembles bright lights, thereby creating an unsurpassed attractive picture, the author of which is nature itself. As with most other types of exotic plants, low-flowered jacobinia requires little care at home: sufficient lighting, temperature maintenance, uniform moisture, and the absence of drafts.

Jacobinia rosea , often called Fields, belongs to the shrubs of the acanthus family. A slight branching of the bush is densely strung with greenish-gray leaves of medium size. A fairly tall plant, the average height of which reaches 1.5 m. The veins of the leaf plate create relief ornaments on their surface. A shrub blooms on the upper shoots, creating an inflorescence in the form of spikelets of pale pink shades.

Jacobinia yellow justifies its name by the bright yellow color of its spike-shaped inflorescences, which are placed on the tops of thickened stems. The plant is characterized by wide sheets with clearly defined veins. At home, it is grown quite rarely, more often decorates garden plots.

Jacobinia meat-red is distinguished by rather long leaves (up to 20 cm) of an oval shape, slight branching of the processes. The inner side of the leaf plates is pinkish-emerald. But the main distinguishing feature of this species is the exotic appearance of the inflorescences. Thanks to their variegated color in the common people, another name has been assigned to this variety – bright pink Jacobin.

Jacobinia silk was brought from Peru and has a delicate surface peculiar to it, both leaves and inflorescences. It is this characteristic that explains the unusual name of the plant. The size of the flowers is insignificant and can reach 10 cm. Coloring – all kinds of combinations of red, yellow, pink flowers.

Jacobinia Brandege is a bright and unlike other “relatives” representative of its species. Lush semi-shrub with abundant shoots and small rich green leaves. The main decoration of the plant are year-round blooming inflorescences that resemble large spikelets. The length of such a combined flower reaches 10 cm. Yellow petals in combination with red-brown sepals create an unusual color that smoothly changes from rich red to olive tones.

Caring for few-flowered and other jacobinia at home

Jacobinia is not a capricious and whimsical plant, which allows you to achieve unsurpassed results without much effort. It is these characteristics that have increased the popularity of the ornamental exotic shrub in recent decades.

Flowers of bright color can surprise anyone, creating a pleasant and cozy atmosphere.

However, in order for Jacobinia to grow actively and fully at home, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for its habitat:

  1. This is a shade-tolerant plant, which allows you to place flowerpots in poorly lit rooms.
  2. The optimum temperature regime in the warm season is 20-25°C.
  3. In winter, during the dormant period, the temperature of the content should not be lower than 10-12 ° C.
  4. During the flowering period, it is recommended to spray the plant to give a more saturated healthy look to the leaves and inflorescence.
  5. The substrate for planting and transplanting is soddy land, humus, peat, sand (1: 1: 1: 0.5).

Such fairly simple recommendations can be followed even by a novice florist, providing the necessary care for Jacobinia at home.

The exotic appearance of the Jacobinia flower does not require increased attention to care and care. And this allows you to make this decorative semi-shrub one of the household “favorites”, because with its beauty and unusualness it will enchant anyone.

To fully care for Jacobinia, it is enough to perform simple procedures and follow the advice of specialists:

  • Regular watering is required, moderate in winter, which will provide the necessary moisture to the soil and rhizomes.
  • Water the plant with settled water without chlorine.
  • From May to September, it is necessary to feed every 20 days with a complete mineral fertilizer.
  • In the early years, transplantation is carried out annually, so that the adult plant is lush and healthy.
  • Starting from the age of 6-7 years, the transplantation period must be extended – after 2-3 years.
  • In early spring, it is desirable to prune excess shoots to give the plant greater density and increase the number of buds.

Following these rules for caring for Jacobinia, you can get a profusely flowering bush, a photo of which we recommend to see:

Propagation of Jacobinia by cuttings

To grow Jacobinia at home, you can use two methods of its reproduction: cuttings or seeds.

The main difficulty in seed propagation is the need to maintain a constant temperature regime (22 ° C) in the sown pot. Otherwise, the seeds will not germinate.

A simpler and more popular way of propagating this shrub among specialists is the method using cuttings. This procedure is quite flogged and effective.

Take a look at the photos that will clearly demonstrate the sequence of reproduction, followed by the care of Jacobinia at home:

The stem for flower rejuvenation must have at least two nodes. The tops of the branches are ideal for cutting off shoots.

Before rooting, such a seedling must be dried up to 24 hours, and then implanted in the prepared peat mixture, as indicated in the photo:

The required temperature is easy to reach and maintain with the help of a simple device – a plastic film or a plastic box. Do not overdo it with watering, it should be moderate.

Cuttings take root in 2.5-3 weeks. The height of the process – up to 10-11 cm indicates that it is time to move it into a pot.

The reproduction effect will be better if several rooted cuttings are planted at the same time.

The density and branching of the young seedling will ensure regular pinching.

A little effort – and the young plant will delight with its charm, mystery, brightness of colors. It is not for nothing that Jacobinia is popularly considered a unique miracle of nature, which can create an exotic atmosphere in any home, filling it with positive energy and an abundance of unique inflorescences.

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