Canadian roses have gained great popularity among gardeners, as they have a truly luxurious appearance, lush buds of various colors, and high resistance to frost. Some varieties are able to successfully tolerate low temperatures without shelter in conditions of little snowy winters. This flower is a spectacular addition and a bright accent to the flower garden.
In addition, the plant has strong immunity, which causes immunity to pests and diseases. Thanks to these characteristics, this crop can be bred in all corners of the globe. Even after a slight freezing, the flower quickly recovers and begins to form new shoots.
It is also important that the Canadian rose has high decorative qualities. The height of the bush varies from 150 to 300 cm. The leaves are large, dark green. The escape is distinguished by a small number of thorns.
The flowers are double and simple, 5 to 13 cm in diameter. The color scheme of the petals is diverse, there are delicate pastel shades, as well as rich, dark tones.
Canadian roses are also distinguished by the fact that they bloom in two waves. After the first flowering, fruits remain on the bushes, which, if not removed, will give the plant an even more spectacular appearance. In the second wave, flowering is no longer so lush, but a large number of buds also rise on the bushes. This type of rose blooms throughout the warm season and until frost.
The article provides a description of the Canadian rose, lists the names, photos of popular varieties, gives recommendations for its cultivation on the site:
Breeders divide Canadian roses into two main groups: Explorer and Parkland. The first group includes climbing varieties with a strong sweet aroma, the second group includes graceful plants with large buds.
Canadian roses of the Explorer series
The varieties of this series are hybrids obtained by crossing with Kordes roses. They are characterized by high frost resistance, therefore they are in great demand in the middle latitudes.
“Henry Hudson” – a bush up to 50 cm high, up to 100 cm wide. It has lush white buds with a pinkish coating. Differs in easy rooting of cuttings.
“David Thompson” – a variety about 130 cm high. The stems are covered with small, few spines. The flowers are bright pink, with a sweet raspberry scent. Flowering lasts from June to October.
“Jens Munk” is a plant up to 200 cm high with strong stems and a powerful root system. Terry buds, pale pink, 8 cm in diameter.
“John Davis” – has an impressive size. The bush is able to reach 2 m in height or more. The flowers are large, double, pink color. Formed on the bush in large numbers. Abundant flowering lasts in the first month, then declines, but continues until mid-autumn.
“Charles Albanel” is a variety in demand among gardeners, valued for its beauty and unpretentiousness in care. It is a bush 40 – 50 cm high. The buds are light pink.
‘Martin Frobisher’ is one of the most common hardy varieties of Canadian rose grown in home gardens and urban flower beds. Very unpretentious to care. Reaches 200 cm in height. The buds are lush, coral in color, with a rich aroma.
Canadian roses of the Parkland series
This varietal group is distinguished by the fact that it can grow in almost any conditions. It is successfully bred both in garden areas and in public places.
“Adelaide Hoodless” – one of the most beautiful varieties with double buds of bright red color. Over time, the petals turn red. The bush reaches 100 cm in height. Suitable for growing in flower beds, creating flower arrangements.
“Prairie Joy” – a plant with a height of 150 – 180 cm with pale pink buds. Timely regular pruning helps to create the desired shape of the bush.
“Winnipeg Parks” – a bush no more than half a meter high, covered with rich green foliage with a copper sheen. Crimson flowers, medium splendor. The variety is resistant to low temperatures.
“Prairie Celebration” – one of the best varieties of Canadian roses, which is a plant with simple flowers of a piercing pink hue. Successfully develops and blooms in any conditions. It can be planted both in the sun and in the shade. The variety is immune to diseases and harmful insects.
“Cuthbert Grant” – is a bush with straight stems, slightly covered with small thorns. Its height is 1 m. The buds are semi-double, burgundy, with a strong aroma. The variety blooms continuously throughout the summer and until frost.
“Hope of Humanity” is a compact shrub about 1 m high with racemose inflorescences, consisting of five burgundy buds with a slight sweetish aroma.
“Champlain” is a medium-sized variety, recognized as one of the most abundantly flowering. Buds with a diameter of 7 cm have a rich pink color. The leaves are small, with a brilliant sheen. Flowering is observed throughout the summer months and until mid-autumn.
Reproduction by cuttings
Canadian roses are easily propagated by cuttings, even inexperienced gardeners. Cuttings can be immediately placed in open ground in a permanent place, without worrying that they will be damaged by negative external factors. The cuttings of this culture are immune to changeable weather conditions, quickly take root and begin to develop.
Cuttings are cut in July from faded shoots, cutting them at an acute angle. Their length should be 20 – 25 cm. The lower leaves, except for a pair of upper ones, are cut off. Planting material for several hours is placed in a glass with a solution that stimulates root growth.
After that, they are buried in the soil, fixing them at a slight angle. The distance between plants should be from 50 to 100 m, depending on the height of the variety. After planting, the cuttings are watered, covered with a glass or plastic jar in order to create greenhouse conditions.
If the place is chosen in direct sunlight, the seedlings are shaded at first. Shelter is removed after the cuttings form roots and take root in a new place.
Gardeners who decide to grow Canadian roses purchase ready-made seedlings from friends or in a specialized store. It is most reliable to visit a nursery to select a seedling.
Before purchasing, the plant should be carefully examined for damage, root rot, and the presence of harmful insects. It is important to buy only grafted seedlings. For successful rooting and further development of a young plant, certain planting rules must be observed.
When choosing a location, it is worth giving preference to well-lit or semi-shaded areas, although many varieties can bloom profusely even in the shade. As for the soil, it should be loose, rich in nutrients, slightly acidic, with good drainage to prevent root rot. If the soil is clay, sand or humus must be added.
Before planting, the soil is prepared by digging, loosening, eliminating weeds. Mineral fertilizers, peat, humus are introduced into poor soil.
Landing is carried out in September. In winter, the root system of seedlings will get stronger and by summer the bush will begin to actively form buds.
Planting holes should be up to 60 cm wide and up to 50 cm deep. At the bottom of the pit, a drainage layer is laid in the form of broken bricks, small stones.
After that, they are covered with a soil mixture consisting of humus, turf, peat, wood ash, and a mineral complex. The seedlings are slightly buried in the resulting composition, sprinkled with earth, tamped, watered. The area around the plant is covered with a layer of mulch.
After planting, regular care for Canadian roses is important, then they will delight the eye with splendor and beauty throughout the season.
- Watering. These flowers are moisture-loving and respond well to regular watering. Water should be poured under the root. The ground near the bush should always be in a wet state. It is very important to water this crop on hot days. Extreme heat and drought with a lack of moisture lead to early wilting of the buds. Water procedures must be carried out before the beginning of September. After watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil near the bush, but so as not to damage the roots.
- Topdressing. Canadian rose requires regular feeding, contributing to its successful development, abundant bud formation. It is necessary to feed this culture, starting in the second year after planting. In the spring months, fertilizer containing nitrogen should be applied. In the summer, formulations with phosphorus and potassium are suitable.
- Pruning. If necessary, formative pruning of plants is carried out in the spring. Shorten shoots that are too long, spoiling the look of the bush. Broken and dry branches are removed.
- Wintering. Almost all varieties of Canadian roses winter without shelter, as they tolerate temperatures down to -45 degrees well. In preparation for the cold season, it is enough to cut the shoots up to 40–50 cm in tall varieties and up to 10–15 cm in other varietal groups, spud the bushes, and cut off the blackened ends of the shoots with the onset of spring. Young specimens are covered with spruce branches. Climbing varieties are bent to the ground, then they remain completely under the snow without the threat of freezing even in harsh winters.