Plant type: perennial, herbaceous.
- Origin: North America.
- Growing environment: garden or indoor conditions.
- Care: These flowers do not require careful care.
- Lighting: partial shade or full sun.
Description: This flower is known for the deep red sap found in the rhizome. Hence its second name is bloodroot, which means bloody root. Red juice contains toxic alkaloids, and if ingested, it can cause harmful effects, including serious nervous disorders. Therefore, if you held the rhizome in your hands, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly afterwards. Known as sanguinaria terry and non-terry. Foliage and flowers grow from the rhizome in early spring, in March. Sanguinaria grows in wooded areas.
Foliage: basal, round, light green, 10-20 cm in diameter, with small wavy lobes. Throughout the growing season, the color of the leaves remains green. On the outside, the leaves are smooth and have a darker color than on the inside.
Flowering: At the initial stage the flower is hidden behind the folded foliage, but then as they open, it quickly rises above them. In the wild, flowering usually lasts for one day, as weather conditions often destroy the magnificent white flower. However, if Sanguinaria provide favorable conditions in the garden, then perhaps the flowering period will be from 4 to 8 days. The beautiful white flower is 3-5 cm in diameter and consists of 6-12 white petals surrounded by many yellow stamens located in the center. It appears on a stem, about 15 cm long. When the flower fades, the foliage still continues to grow and can reach 20 cm in diameter.
Soil Type: Canadian Sanguinaria grows well in rich, moist soil. The soil can be sandy and slightly acidic. In such soil, plants quickly form a large group, and they decorate the ground cover in the best way. The pH level should be 5-7. It is advisable to add a large amount of humus to the soil. The soil should be well-drained, but at the same time retain moisture. In the wild, these flowers often grow near ditches, but have never been found sprouting from the bottom. If you are growing a flower in pots or containers, the soil must be changed every 3 years.
Watering: The soil should be kept moist at all times. If there is enough moisture, then the leaves of sanguinaria will appear throughout the summer. Water the plant once a week in the fall and winter, and twice during the growing season.
Fertilizers: Starting from the second year of cultivation, fertilize Sanguinaria once a year, in spring. When using a balanced set of fertilizers, your flower will bloom more spectacularly.
Reproduction: carried out both by dividing the rhizome and by planting seeds, but they must be planted fresh. The seeds are in a box, but often it is empty. The seed size is about 3 mm. Since it is rather difficult to collect seeds, and it is also rare on sale, it is best to reproduce Sanguinaria by dividing the rhizome. Split the rhizome either in late summer when the foliage has withered or just before planting. Starting to divide the roots, it is advisable to wear gloves.
Landing: dividing the rhizome into pieces, they must be planted to a depth of 3 cm, and the kidney must be buried directly at the surface of the soil. As a rule, sanguinaria propagated by dividing the roots bloom the following spring. It is necessary to divide the rhizome while the plant is dormant. When dividing immediately after flowering, most likely, Sanguinaria will not germinate. When planting plants, it is necessary to observe a distance between them of 30-45 cm.
If you grow a flower from fresh mature seeds collected in the middle or late spring, then the sprouts will appear quickly enough. The best development of sanguinaria will be if the seeds are kept in moist conditions. Winter cold for 2-3 months will also have a beneficial effect. Seedlings can be transplanted in the summer, but they will bloom only after 3 years.