Washingtonia robusta: indoor palm

HomeAll flowers that start with WWashingtonia robusta: indoor palm

Plant type: palm.

Description: Washingtonia robusta (powerful Washingtonia) is used as a houseplant, as well as for landscaping offices and halls. The leaves of Washingtonia, which is only a few years old, can reach a size of 120 centimeters, and the trunk, after its formation, reaches 45 centimeters in diameter. If the plant is grown in nature, then the base of the foliage and old leaves are preserved for many years. It is popularly called “palm tree in a child’s skirt”, due to the lower leaves, which form a dense shell, remaining on the trunk, but when grown at home, the lower leaves should be removed. The petiole of the leaves has thorns.


  • Origin: Southwest USA, Mexico.
  • Leaf ornament: present.
  • Flowering: present, but very irregular (for several years). The fruit is brown or black berries with a diameter of one centimeter.
  • Aroma: no.
  • Care: Careful care is required.
  • Temperature range: 10-24°C.
  • Humidity level: high.
  • Lighting: The best lighting for Washingtonia is in full sun from the west/south.

Growing environment: indoor or greenhouse, this type of palm grows quickly without shedding the lower leaves. When growing Washingtonia indoors, you need to provide constant access to fresh air. In winter, the plant does not tolerate dry air and excessive heating. If the air is dry, then the tips of the leaves will begin to darken.

Soil Type: Use good fertile potting soil that absorbs water well while retaining it. You can also choose your soil composition, for this it is recommended to use the components in the following ratio: 1 part garden soil, 2 parts peat, 1 part coarse sand or perlite. There should always be a hole in the pot.

Watering: Keep the soil barely moist in winter, and evenly moist in summer. If you use rainwater, be careful as it may contain harmful acids. When watering, use warm water.

Fertilizer: Fertilize your Washingtonia monthly with a water-soluble fertilizer. You can also use granular palm fertilizers every year in early spring.

Harmful insects: there is a tendency to mealy worms, spider mites and plant aphids.

Washingtonia Robusta in the photo.

Propagation: carried out in the spring by planting seeds, but this is a very long process, and if you want to speed it up, place the seeds for a while in warm water. Crops should be placed directly above the radiators, since the growth temperature is approximately 28 ° C. The first shoots will appear in two months. For propagation, it is best to use soil mixed with moist peat and perlite. The pot and the plant itself should be covered with a plastic bag with an elastic band wrapped around the perimeter to prevent moisture from evaporating. Place the pot under fluorescent light or indirect sunlight. After the washingtonia sprouts a little, transplant it into the soil of the usual composition.

Transplant: Washingtonia is transplanted only if absolutely necessary. When transplanting, the following ratio of soil components must be observed: 1 part of humus, 2 parts of turf, 1 part of leafy soil and 0.2 parts of sand.

Care tips and tricks: Clean the Washingtonia leaves from time to time using a damp cloth. If the foliage has dry tips, then it is advisable to cut them off. During watering, the plant should not be in the water, if possible, take it outside in the summer months. If the roots begin to sprout outside the pot, this is a sign that it is time to transplant the plant.

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