Numerous types of dracaena attract the attention of lovers of indoor floriculture with their exotic appearance, combined with relative unpretentiousness and ease of care.
In homes and offices often grow:
Dracaena fragrans (fragrant dracaena) , usually grown in tub culture.
These widespread species are detailed in separate articles. However, the use of representatives of this exotic genus in floriculture is not limited to the plants listed above. There are a number of lesser known, but very decorative species that can be successfully kept at home. Below are some descriptions and photos of dracaena species recommended for growing in pot culture.
Types and varieties of dracaena: in detail with a photo
Dracaena dragon, Canarian or dragon tree (D. Draco), in nature – giant trees with a spreading crown up to 20 m high with a trunk girth of 4.5 m, grow up to 1.5 m indoors. Thick trunks branch out, each branch ends with a bunch of tightly spaced hard leathery gray-green leaves, long ( up to 0.5 m) and narrow (up to 4 cm), linear sword-shaped. With sufficient light, the color of the foliage can acquire a beautiful reddish tint. It grows very slowly, is valued for its special unpretentiousness, unlike other species, it can be kept not only in warm, but also in cool rooms, taken out into the open air in summer, propagated both vegetatively and by seeds.
Dracaena deremskaya (D. Deremensis) , slow growing and not as tall as the previous one. At home, in tropical Africa, it reaches 3-5 m, indoor dracaena does not exceed 1.5 m. They have a thick unbranched trunk, woody over time, and attractive leaves up to 5 m long and about 5 cm wide, sessile, lanceolate, with glossy surface. Young leaves grow up, old leaves bend down.
In culture, many varieties of different sizes, plain and variegated color are grown. Among the completely green-leaved forms, which are particularly unpretentious to lighting conditions, we note Janet Craid, a fast-growing (up to 3 m) variety, with wide, shiny dark green leaves, on which a few colored stripes are occasionally found. The common cultivar Warneckii not only has showy leaves with a wide white center stripe and fine green streaks all over, but is also one of the best variegated plants for low light indoors. The height of adult specimens does not exceed 1.2 m. An even more compact variety of this variety is Warneckii Jumbo with wide leaves. The Bauser garden form is distinguished by a white stripe along the central vein of the leaf and dark green side veins along the edge. There is a line of Stripe varieties (White Stripe, Yellow Stripe, Green Stripe), these dracaenas have white, yellow or green edges of the leaf plates, respectively. One of the most attractive cultivars of this species is Shrijveruana, with a broad border of yellowish white.
Varieties of dracaena in the photo – Golden, bent dracaena
Dracaena Godsefiana (Godseffiana) , belongs to the bush species, grows naturally in the Congo. Strongly branching low (up to 60 cm) shrub with original thin stems covered with membranous, triangular-lanceolate scales. The leaves are oval or ovate with a pointed apex, 10 long, 5 cm wide, leathery, with a slightly wavy edge, grow in whorls of 3-5 pieces. Their glossy green surface is covered with white, yellow, pink or beige spots. In room conditions, they bloom, but only under favorable conditions. The flowers are yellow-green, with a pleasant aroma, collected in brushes on the tops or in the axils of the leaves. Common varieties are Florida Beauty with beige and Kellery with small yellow spots.
Dracaena Goldena (D. Goldieana) , an exclusively ornamental plant native to Southern Nigeria, with thin short trunks. Thick wide (up to 14 cm), glossy leathery leaves, about 20 cm long, are covered on both sides with transverse dark green stripes and, unlike most common species, are located on long, up to 8 cm, grooved petioles. Dracaena Golden is demanding on growing conditions, needs high humidity and a temperature of at least 20 ° C.
Dracaena bent (D. Reflexa) in nature grows on the island of Mauritius, where it reaches 5 m in height. The trunk is weak, sometimes branches into several thinner ones, at home it does not exceed 70-100 cm, it requires support. The leaves are olive green, elongated, lanceolate, up to 15 cm long, about 2 cm wide, tapering at the ends. From garden forms and cultivars of Dracaena reflexa, Song of India is often grown with highly branched stems and leaves with a yellow border, and Pelomele, a lush gray-green bush, its common variegate form has a yellow stripe along the edge of the leaf plate. A rather whimsical plant, it is characterized by slow growth, unlike other species at home, it does not live long and practically does not bloom.
Dracaena shoot-forming, or surculose (D.Surculosa), a rather rare, unusual and very decorative species originally from Serra Leone. Bushes grow up to 3 m, numerous lignified shoots appear directly from the ground. The leaves are whorled, 3-5 pieces each, have an elongated shape with a triangular base and a pointed end and petioles 0.3-0.5 cm in size. The length of the leaf is 7-16 cm, the width is up to 6 cm, the color is green with numerous spots. Of the varieties found: Milky Way (Milky Way) with spectacular colors in the form of numerous white dots located along the central vein, Juanita (Juanita), similar to the previous one, with a narrower central stripe, Punctulata, with light green rings on a dark green background. The plant grows well in the open air, with good care it often blooms even in the room.
Dracaena Hooker or Rumpha (D. hookeriana, D. rumphii), a native of South Africa, a hardy medium-sized (1-2 m) species with a thick, sometimes bifurcating trunk, in an adult plant, 30-35 leathery lanceolate-xiphoid leaves are located on its top, slightly wavy at the base and tapering towards the end, 60- 80 cm, width – 4-5 cm. There is a white border along the edge. Greenhouse plant, can be grown outdoors in summer.
Dracaena shirmonosnaya (D. umbraculifera) , a compact species with a short trunk, at the top of which there is a rosette of linear leaves up to 90 cm long, arcuately curved. Looks spectacular on a bedside table or a low table by the window.
Capitate dracaena (D. phrynoides) , a species with oval wide (up to 12 cm) leaves up to 10 cm long, pointed at the end, shiny dark green above, lighter below, located on short petioles. The upper surface is covered with light spots.
Often there are plants on sale under the name dracaena mix, which means that their generic name is unknown. In this case, an experienced florist can determine the variety of the proposed specimen himself, and a non-professional amateur has to choose the flower he likes, focusing only on its appearance.
Thus, at present, dracaena is not only one of the best-selling large-sized tub plants. If necessary, from a fairly large assortment of these indoor flowers, you can also choose more compact species and varieties with original colors that can decorate any interior and go well with other undersized and tall crops.