Surfinia (lat. Surfinia) is an ampelous petunia hybrid bred by Japanese breeders. The plant has high decorative characteristics, adapted to adverse climatic conditions, which makes it possible to grow it in many countries with different climates and soil composition.
The flowers are expressive, large, funnel-shaped, with wavy petals. They can be simple and terry. Reach 7 – 10 cm in diameter. The color of the buds is varied with a predominance of pink and lilac shades. In a warm climate, flowering begins in April, lasts until September. In central Russia, it blooms in late May – early June.
Surfinia is valued by gardeners for beautiful bright buds, a long flowering period, stable immunity, and unpretentious nature. Since this plant has a powerful, highly proliferating root system, it will require a lot of space to grow.
Breeders have obtained a huge number of various varieties of this crop, the difference between which lies in the size, color scheme, and splendor of the buds. Most of them can grow both in the southern regions and in the middle latitudes. The names of the most popular varieties of surfinia with photos and descriptions are given below:
“Burgundy” is an intensively branching bush with a spherical dense crown. The flowers are large, 7-8 cm in diameter, purple in color.
“Table White” – lush sprawling bush with bell-shaped snow-white flowers with a diameter of 3 – 4 cm. Flowering lasts for 4 – 5 months, depending on climatic conditions.
“Red” is one of the brightest varieties of surfinia. It has scarlet funnel-shaped buds, which completely cover the bush during flowering.
“Elou” – forms a large number of pale yellow bells of prominent flowers. Valued for early long flowering.
“Giant Purple” – bush with flexible curly stems growing up to 100 cm in length. The flowers are bright purple.
“Velvet Blue” – lush bush with a rounded crown. Forms beautiful buds of an unusual shape. The color of the petals is purple.
“Deep Red” – differs in a pure saturated red color of buds. Propagated by cuttings.
“Hot Pink” – a variety with large funnel-shaped flowers of bright pink color. Inside the petals there are thin burgundy veins, thanks to which the buds look voluminous and textured.
“White” – a bush with actively branching stems 150 cm long. Funnel-shaped flowers, 5–6 cm in diameter, white color scheme, with a yellow center. During flowering, due to the abundance of buds, the plant resembles a white cloud.
“Tumbelina Susanna” – Terry variety with exquisite lush flowers of white and cream color scheme. Blooms intensely and for a long time.
“Green Edge Pink” – a beautiful variety. Forms graceful pale pink flowers with corrugated petals, along the edges of which there is a green border.
“Hyacinth Purple” -a spreading shrub with many outstretched branches. During flowering, it is completely covered with buds with a diameter of 8 – 10 cm. Fuchsia-colored petals with a white border. The central part of the bud of a darker color.
Reproduction of surfinia is carried out using seeds and cuttings, and both methods of cultivation are equally effective and allow you to get strong healthy plants.
Seed material can be purchased at the store, or collected from flowers available on the site. For sowing, take small pots, fill them with a substrate, mixing peat and sand in equal parts.
Seeds are scattered on the surface of the soil, then the crops are sprayed from a spray gun and covered with a film or glass. Greenhouse conditions contribute to high seed germination.
The container with crops is kept in a well-lit place where they will receive enough light, but avoid direct sunlight. The greenhouse is ventilated daily, the soil is moistened.
After 15 – 20 days, sprouts will hatch. In order for the soil to better pass moisture, a little sand is poured on top. When the seedlings grow and get stronger, they are planted on the site, choosing a warm sunny day. By this time, the earth should warm up, and return frosts should completely pass.
For germination of cuttings, plastic pots with a diameter of 6–7 cm are taken. A composition of garden soil, peat and sand is suitable as a substrate. Components are taken in equal parts. Cuttings are cut from the tops of the stems of the mother plant.
Their length should be 6 – 8 cm. The lower pair of leaves is removed. The lower part of the planting material is treated with a solution that stimulates root growth. After that, the cutting is buried in the substrate, covered with a glass or plastic cap. Suitable for this purpose and plastic film.
The containers are placed in a warm, bright place, from time to time they remove the shelter, remove the accumulated drops of water, and water it. Roots will appear in 15 to 17 days. After they reach 3 cm, the plants are transplanted into pots filled with nutrient soil.
With a lack of light, fitolamps are used, otherwise the seedlings will stretch and weaken. When buds appear, they are immediately removed so that they do not take away strength from developing plants. In order for the bushes to form lush, pinch the top above the fifth leaf.
After 4 – 6 weeks after cuttings, surfinia seedlings are transplanted into hanging planters or into open ground. Landing on the site is carried out in the second half of May. To do this, choose a suitable site, dig, make holes.
A layer of drainage 5–10 cm in size is laid at the bottom. It will prevent moisture stagnation at the roots and will serve to prevent the occurrence of fungal diseases. After the seedlings are installed in the planting pits, the voids are filled with a layer of earth or a mixture of peat, humus and sand, and then watered.
Features of care
- Location. Surfinia is demanding on lighting, it can form buds only with an abundance of sunlight. For a flower, open places in the garden, or areas where it will be in partial shade, are suitable. Full shade is not suitable for a light-loving culture and will negatively affect its development and flowering.
- The soil. The soil for surfinia must be saturated with nutrients, have a neutral alkaline reaction. The plant does well on loamy and sandy substrates.
- Watering. The key to the full development and lush flowering of surfinia is not only proper planting, but also regular watering during care. It is necessary to irrigate the flower moderately, but often, in order to prevent the land from drying out. In addition, on summer days it is useful to spray the bush daily with a spray bottle. Water procedures should be carried out in the morning or evening hours during the absence of scorching sunlight.
- Topdressing. In order for Surfinia to develop normally and delight with lush flowering, you can not do without top dressing. For this culture, any mineral composition containing potassium is suitable. Fertilizer should be applied throughout the summer with an interval of 30 days. This work is recommended to be combined with watering.
- Wintering. Surfinia are thermophilic, cannot stand frost, therefore, for a successful wintering with the onset of autumn, the bushes are dug up and placed in a spacious pot. Dried, broken stems and foliage are pruned. Plants are kept indoors until spring, where they will be well lit for 10 to 12 hours. In the autumn and winter months, when the daylight hours are short, additional illumination is used. The optimal temperature range for a flower during this period should be 14 – 16 degrees. Surfinia care during the dormant period will consist only of moderate watering.
Blooming surfinia looks really luxurious. She is able to ennoble any territory on the site, make the flower garden bright. This flower is great for decorating parks, squares, house adjoining territories. This culture is grown in containers and hanging planters, used to decorate balconies, loggias, terraces, and recreational areas in the garden.
With surfinias, they create tall vertical structures that serve as walls, hedges, and bright flowering columns. These versatile flowers pair with a variety of other flowering plants. With the help of this culture, you can not only emphasize the features of the site, but also hide its shortcomings.