Spring white flower is a medicinal plant that contains substances used to treat a number of diseases of the nervous system. In addition, the white flower flower has valuable decorative qualities, and therefore is very popular with gardeners who are fond of primroses. Like most bulbs , this plant is suitable for growing in pots, in addition, it is well preserved in the cut.
Belotsvetnik, or leukoyum, belongs to the Amaryllis family. This is a bulbous herbaceous plant , of which there are a lot of species. The white flower is also called white violet, since its name comes from the Greek words leucos (“white”) and ion (” violet “).
White flowers come from Central Europe. This flower is depicted on the coat of arms of the German city of Ettenstat. In addition, in nature, mainly on forest edges, these flowers can often be found in the southwestern part of Ukraine.
In your spring garden there is sure to be a place for spring white flowers (Leucojum vernum) . This type of white flower blooms very early – already in April it will delight you with small white flowers with yellow specks on the edges of the petals.
In height, the bushes of the spring belotsvetnik with basal linear leaves reach 30 cm. The fruit is a box. Flowers are very fragrant, drooping, reminiscent of lilies of the valley and bluebells at the same time. The spring white flower blooms for a whole month, and the flowers cut and placed in water remain fresh for up to 8-10 days.
Care and planting of a white flower flower
The best place for planting and caring for white flowers is shaded areas. However, the sooner the snow melts at their landing site, the sooner they will bloom.
After five years in one place, it is advisable to transplant the white flowers, as the plantings thicken, the flower stalks weaken, as a result of which the number of flowers is reduced.
Like most primroses, white flowers are very demanding on the composition of the soil. It should be a fertile, moist, moderately drained substrate.
For fertilizer, use manure and peat, but only well-rotted, dolomite flour, and compost, river sand, and fine gravel are suitable for drainage. Acidic and slightly acidic soils are detrimental to these plants. Otherwise, these flowers are quite unpretentious . They grow well near water bodies.
When caring for white flowers in spring, they should be fed with liquid organic fertilizers. Nitrogenous fertilizers are undesirable to use in large doses, it is better to increase the amount of potassium and phosphates.
Remember to keep the soil well-moistened, especially if the spring is warm and the summer is dry. During flowering, watering intensity should be increased.
Reproduction of the spring white flower
The spring white flower is propagated by seeds or bulbs. The best period for planting and transplanting is from July to September, when active vegetation stops. If the autumn is warm, planting and transplanting can be done in November.
You need to repot the bushes after they fade. If you transplant or plant a purchased flowering bush of spring whiteflower, next year this plant will bloom poorly, weaken and soon die. Therefore, it makes no sense to buy flowering bushes for planting.
Mother bulbs are ready for division about 6 years after planting, while they form about two or three “children” per season. Spring white flower bulbs do not store for more than a month and do not dry, it is advisable to plant them immediately after digging and dividing.
Remember that when growing white flowers, the roots of the bulbs cannot be removed, as they are perennial , if they are damaged, the plant will weaken and hurt.
Before planting, the soil needs to be fertilized with humus and peat and drainage added, river sand is best suited for this. The bulb is planted to a depth exceeding its height by 2 times, a distance of about 15 cm is left between the bulbs. The deeper the planting, the larger the bulb becomes over time.
It is possible to accelerate the development of spring white flower bulbs by planting the mother bulb shallowly, almost at the soil surface (to a depth corresponding to the height of the bulb itself). In this case, the plant will bloom worse, and the formation of children will accelerate.