Setcreasia flower in nature lives in Mexico. It is a representative of the Komellinov family and is similar to Tradescantia. Unlike Tradescantia, she needs a little more sun, because from a lack of light, the lilac-reddish leaves and stems of stunning beauty will ugly stretch and turn green.
Netcreasia, as seen in the photo above , forms saturated color spots of a rare purple tonality in the flower arrangement, which surprisingly shade the greens of other plants.
And from April to August, it is decorated with delicate pink flowers.
People call it purple tradescantia.
Houseplant netcreasia purple, striped and green
Setcreasia is a perennial herbaceous plant with erect and decumbent stems.
The leaves are slightly pubescent, the tones of lilac color can be different. Leaf blades are elongated, entire, with a pointed tip, up to 17 cm long, with slight pubescence.
The leaf grips the stem with its base. The arrangement of the leaves is spiral or two-row.
Inflorescences are formed at the top of the shoots. The flowers are inconspicuous, small, pink or white, with three petals in bud and long yellow stamens.
For the formation of new buds, the old ones must be removed immediately after they have faded, then the plant will always have a flowering, attractive appearance. Flowering begins in mid-spring and lasts until the end of summer.
The fruit is a box.
Planted in hanging planters, vases, bowls, houseplants of netcreasia, rapidly growing, form a dense green mass.
Sectreasia at home grows up to 30 cm per year, and eventually loses its decorative effect. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to periodically rejuvenate the flower. In general, a lot of space is required for this culture, so many flower growers plant it in flower beds for the summer period, and with the return of cold weather they dig it up and clean it in a house or greenhouse.
Interesting options for how in an apartment with the help of liana-like shoots of a netcreasia flower decorate the walls in the photo can be seen.
In addition, with the help of this plant, live compositions are arranged.
In indoor floriculture, two types of netcreasia are most often used: pale (S. pallida) and purple (S. purpurea) . Below is their description.
Purple Setcreasia (Setcreasia purpurea) is a perennial herbaceous plant with creeping and ascending shoots from the Commelin family. Homeland – Mexico, grows in the highland belt.
Having examined the netcreasia purple in the photo above, you can see that its feature is straight-growing or lodging, purple-colored young shoots reaching 50 cm in length.
On the shoots are alternate, oblong, long (up to 15 cm), pubescent leaves.
The upper side of the leaves is bright purple with a green tint at the base. The underside is greenish purple. During the flowering period, small pink flowers appear on the plant, collected in pairs.
Setcreasia striped (Setcreasia striata hort.) , Commelin family. Homeland: tropical regions of America.
Herbaceous plant with creeping and slightly ascending shoots. The stems are rounded, juicy-watery, the leaves are elongated, medium-sized, amplexicaul.
The arrangement of the leaves is alternate, the internodes are short, the leaf blade is pointed towards the apex. The edges of the plate are even. There are ragged hairs at the base of the leaf attachment to the stem.
The leaf blade is soft to the touch, velvety from numerous tiny villi covering the entire leaf. The underside of the leaf is pinkish-lilac, the upper side is bronze-green with bright white thin lines. The central vein is wide, on both sides of it there are 3-4 narrow white stripes.
The flowers are inconspicuous, purple and rather small. With age, the shoots become bare, become brittle and break off when touched sharply.
Setcreasia green (Setcreasia viridis L.) , Commelin family. Homeland: America.
Perennial herbaceous plant with climbing, falling shoots. The leaves are elongated, with a pointed straight top, delicate, juicy green with a pistachio tinge.
Shoots are watery, creeping, densely covered with stem-bearing leaves. Along the edges of the smooth edge of the leaf blade there are numerous small light cilia. At the base of the scaphoid-bent leaf, covering the stem, light, downy, ragged hairs grow.
Venation linear, inconspicuous. The flowers are small, white, collected in dense bunches at the tops of the shoots.
Care and reproduction of netcreasia
Location. Setcreasia is photophilous – the brighter the light, the more beautiful, spectacular the leaves. Therefore, it is recommended to install it near a window on the southeast or southwest side. However, the plant needs to be shaded from direct sunlight. Shade and partial shade are not suitable for this culture. In a netcreasia growing in a shaded place, the leaves turn pale and shoots are drawn out, which negatively affects its decorative effect. This plant needs to be in a well-lit area for at least 3 hours a day.
Temperature. The plant is thermophilic, the constant temperature in the room where it is kept should be at around 23 – 25 degrees. Intense heat (above the specified norm) leads to rapid aging of the leaves. The culture hibernates at a temperature not lower than 14-16 °C. A decrease in these indicators can cause the death of leaves and shoots. In summer, it is recommended to ventilate the room more often or take the pot with the plant into fresh air and shade it from direct sunlight.
substrate. The substrate is prepared from light soddy soil, humus and sand (1:1:1).
Air humidity and watering. When caring for netcreasia, uniform moderate watering is necessary throughout the year. In spring and summer, moisten the soil at least 2 times a week. In autumn, watering is reduced to 1 time in 7 days. The soil should be slightly damp between waterings, but not dry. Watering should be done with soft water at room temperature. It is recommended to use filters for water purification, or use boiled settled water.
Despite the fact that netcreasia tolerates dry indoor air, its humidity should be high. Only in this case the flower will flourish and bloom. In the heating season, a pot with a plant can be placed in a deep container with a small amount of water, moss or expanded clay. In summer, it is recommended to regularly spray the air in the room, while making sure that water does not fall on the leaves, this can lead to white spots on them and their further decay.
Topdressing. From April to August, 2 times a month, top dressing is carried out with complete mineral fertilizer. If the number of top dressings is increased, the flower will begin to grow and branch faster, but new shoots will be weak and fragile, and the leaf blades will fade. Mineral fertilizers are best alternated with organic ones. In winter, it is enough to make 1 – 2 dressings.
Transfer. Caring for netcreasia at home is not complete without an annual transplant, as it grows and multiplies very quickly. Pots for this culture are wide, but not deep, since the root system does not go deep into the soil, but grows in width closer to the surface. When transplanting, you can safely remove half of the shoots of the flower, and later use them to obtain new plants. At the bottom of the container, be sure to put a 2-centimeter layer of expanded clay or pebbles, only after that pour the soil. To prevent moisture from accumulating, it is worth making holes in the pot.
When growing various types of this plant, it must be borne in mind that striped netcreasia grows more slowly than others. For better development, you should pinch the apical shoots. It must be in a bright, sunny, warm place. In this case, the color of the entire leaf blade becomes especially bright and catchy. Growing netcreasia striated in hydroponic culture. Transshipment of plants into large containers is carried out only if the container is filled with roots, when there is no room left for the nutrient solution.
In winter, at a temperature of + 12–14 ° C, during a period of relative rest, water with a weaker solution – 50% of the norm. Periodically, you can water with clean water. With the resumption of growth and an increase in leaf mass, which coincides with the spring period, the number of irrigations increases, and the concentration of the solution is brought to 100%. It develops well on all synthetic ion-exchange substrates. Grows in artificial light.
Caring for netcreasia purpurea at home also requires some knowledge about this plant. Its peculiarity is that it responds very well to bright sunlight, in which its leaves acquire a rich purple color. With a lack of light, the internodes are stretched, and the leaves lose their purple-lilac color and turn green. If it is not possible to keep the flower in a sunny place, artificial lighting with phytolamps should be used for 16 hours a day. In addition, without proper lighting, this species will not bloom.
When following the rules for caring for netcreasia purpurea, you need to take into account that it needs moist air and not too high (+ 16–18 ° C) temperature, and take measures to create such conditions. A flower grows well on a mixture of leaf and humus soil with the addition of sand (2: 1: 1). Need pots with a diameter of 9-11 cm.
Sethcreasia purpurea can be planted in the same container with other plants, especially if they have leaves of a different color and texture, and the stems are climbing and falling.
Look at a selection of photos about caring for netcreasia at home:
Young plants of netcreasia can be obtained from apical cuttings, which should be rooted in wet sand or in a container of water.
The green netcreasia, like the striped one, is propagated by stem cuttings that take root in water, sand, expanded clay, and an ion-exchange substrate. Rooted cuttings are planted 3-5 pieces in low wide flowerpots. After pinching the shoots of the first and second orders, the plant gives lateral branches. It is possible to propagate netcreasia in spring, summer, autumn and winter with apical shoots 3–6 cm long. Earthen mixture of soddy, humus soil, peat and sand (1:1:1:1/2).
Aphids, spider mites and scale insects cause great harm to the plant. With improper care, the plant can become ill with a black leg or gray rot.