Plant type: bulbous.
- Origin: south of Europe, Turkey.
- Growing environment: greenhouse.
- Leaf ornament: absent.
- Flowering: yes.
- Aroma: yes.
- Temperature range: 4-16°C.
- Humidity level: high.
- Fertilizers: not required.
Description: This plant is also called grape hyacinth. There are about 40 species in the genus. Ears of blue flowers appear on the flower, which look like bunches of grapes. The botanical name was derived either from the Turkish name for the bulb or from the Greek word “moschos” or “musk”, which means fragrance from some flower species. The flower originated in Eurasia. The two most common species in cultivation are the Muscari Armenian and the grapevine. In England, this flower has been cultivated since 1576.
These beautiful blue or purple bulbs bloom from early to late spring depending on the variety. They are often grown alongside tulips and pale yellow daffodils, as the muscari clusters provide a great contrast to the rounded shapes of these plants’ large flowers.
Care: Muscari requires careful care. In general, bulbs are easy to grow. They bloom early and often grow before many trees leaf out, allowing them to be grown in a wide variety of locations.
Light: Preferably full sun throughout the growing season, but Muscari will also tolerate partial shade or mid-day sun for example. It is best to choose a location that receives indirect sunlight coming from the south or west.
Soil Type: These plants adapt easily to a variety of soils as long as they have good drainage. Keep in mind that if the soil is too wet, the bulbs may rot.
Watering: In general, muscari prefers high humidity during growth, but also tolerates dry conditions during hibernation. For irrigation, you can use warm rainwater.
Pests and Diseases: Muscari is rarely subjected to any parasites or animal-related embarrassments. All parts of the plant are slightly toxic. Very rarely there are cases of damage to plant aphids.
Cultivation: small muscari bulbs should be planted at a distance of 7-8 cm from each other, and the planting depth should be more than twice the height of the bulb. Bulbs need a cold period to bloom. Muscari quickly takes root and grows from seeds or offspring of small new bulbs that form from the mother bulb. In a mature plant, the seed of which has sprouted on its own, the flowers may have a different shade.
Application: These flowers look beautiful in rock gardens. They take root easily and are great for lawns. Plants can also be grown indoors, but then an artificial cold period will be required.
Optional: when flowering is over, the clusters should be cut off to make the flower look neater. The foliage should be left in place until it wilts so that the bulb has enough food and vitamins to bloom the next year. In many varieties, the foliage reappears and remains evergreen throughout the winter.
Care tips and tricks: It is recommended to keep the bulb in a dark room or in a closet until shoots appear, and then gradually move it to a brighter place. The best time for planting is September. When planting, pebbles or gravel can be placed in a drainage dish to retain water and increase humidity.