Ornamental lilac shrub is a frequent guest of personal plots. Its fragrant inflorescences fill the garden with a thick, rich aroma, fluffy branches are often used by florists to compose compositions . They say that a randomly found flower with five petals will bring good luck, and a wish will certainly come true.
Lilac types: photo, names and description
Lilac (Olive family). There are 28 species distributed in Southern Europe, East Asia, Iran. Grows wild on sunny rocky slopes.
These are mostly shrubs, rarely trees . The leaves of most species are simple, petiolate, oval or lanceolate, pointed. Paniculate inflorescences, located on the tops or on the sides of last year’s shoots.
Flowers of various colors – from white to purple and purple, with a strong aroma. The flowers are small, bell-shaped-funnel-shaped, with four limbs of the petals.
Most often, three types of lilacs are grown: you can see a description of the shrubs and their photos below.
Common lilac . Spreading shrub 3-4 m high with leathery leaves that remain green until falling off. The flowers are purple-blue, fragrant, collected in large pyramidal inflorescences. Blossoms in May-June, flowering duration 2 weeks.
As you can see in the photo, lilac shrubs of this species have many garden forms and varieties with simple, semi-double and double flowers of various colors:
Lilac Hungarian. Tall shrub with large dark green leaves, whitish below from pubescence. This type of lilac flowers are small, coloring in lilac-violet tones. Inflorescences are loose panicles. It blooms in late May – early June, 7-10 days later than common lilac.
Persian lilac. Type of hybrid origin. Shrub of medium size.
Look at the photo – lilac flowers of this species are purple in color:
All of them are collected in large inflorescences and have a peculiar smell. It blooms somewhat later than the common lilac.
Growing and caring for decorative lilacs
Now that you have familiarized yourself with the names and photos of lilac species, it’s time to learn about growing this shrub.
Lilac is photophilous and prefers well-lit places, but can also tolerate shading. Only in this case it blooms not so abundantly, does not gain real color, the inflorescences turn out to be loose and drooping. Able to grow on almost any soil, but loves loose and fertile soils with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. When planting, it is recommended to add a little lime. When growing and caring for lilacs, do not forget that this shrub does not tolerate stagnant water at all.
Lilac is propagated by root offspring, cuttings, grafting and seeds. The easiest way is by root offspring (shoots). However, only own-rooted plants can be propagated in this way. Lilacs can also be cut and grafted. But for beginner gardeners, the easiest way is to buy ready-made varietal lilac seedlings.
Lilac is one of the favorite shrubs of our gardeners. Perhaps, only roses cause great love for them. From lilacs, you can create entire gardens (syringaria). Bushes look good against the background of the lawn, both in groups of 3-5 plants, and singly. Lilac can be formed in the form of a tree. Suitable for creating hedges. The cut lilac is very beautiful, you can get flowering branches in the winter.