Plant type: shrub.
Description: These are plants whose flowers have an extraordinary range of shades, ranging from dark red to scarlet, orange, yellow and even white. They bloom continuously for nine months, are easy to grow, all that is required is to transfer the plants to the greenhouse for the winter. Many varieties have been bred from this shrub, such as prickly lantana, vaulted, etc. In general, these plants are considered annuals, but in some hot countries in the southeast they are recognized as perennials. These shrubs not only produce the most beautiful flowers, but also serve as a support for the wildlife of the garden, greenhouse. Lanthanums are called differently. So, for example, in some countries, you may hear them referred to as “bacon and eggs” or “ham and eggs.”
- Origin: Western India.
- Growing environment: Usually grown in summer gardens or greenhouses.
- Leaf ornament: absent.
- Care: lantana is demanding on warm conditions in winter, so it is advisable to transfer it from the garden to a warm room as a houseplant.
- Light: Lantana blooms spectacularly in full or partial sun, and make sure the plant gets at least six hours of direct, bright sunlight. It also tolerates partial shade during the day, but in this case it may not bloom profusely.
Blossoming: Flowers growing in the garden attract butterflies and also serve as an excellent decoration, adding bright tropical shades to the overall mass. Lantana, whose flower is of particular value to the garden, has a special luminous property. Many species contain multi-colored petals growing right next to each other, forming peculiar brushes that easily combine yellow, orange, pink and blue hues. In other species, the flowers have a solid shade. Flowering is fragrant with a light, pleasant aroma. The flowers grow profusely until the plant reaches its full development. The duration of their flowering in the garden lasts throughout the summer until the first frost.
Soil Type: This shrub prefers rich, well-drained soils, but will easily adapt to almost any soil condition. If your soil contains too much sand or clay, then manure should be added to improve its fertility. Always use seasoned manure or compost, as if these fertilizers are fresh, they can burn weak plants.
Watering: Watering lantana should be plentiful, the most important thing is not to let the plant dry out. If the soil is sandy, then you need to water the flower daily. Mulching the soil will retain moisture longer and help prevent weeds. With insufficient watering, the flower will stop blooming or the flowers will begin to fall off. If you notice that the plant has stopped blooming all the time, this is a sign that it needs deeper and more frequent watering.
Fertilization: Lantana does not need to be fertilized if you grow it for one season and have introduced good quality compost into your garden soil. Once a month, you can add balanced sets of dressings. It is not recommended to apply too much fertilizer, as this plant is quite carefree, and excessive use of top dressing can stop the shrub from flowering.
Pests and Diseases: In general, lantana is a hardy, easy-to-grow plant. Toxins are formed on the foliage of the flower, which make it unpleasant for livestock, rabbits and mice: they can only taste it out of curiosity. Common pests that affect lantana include mites and beetles. The beetles that infect this plant are usually 1-2 cm long, gray in color with dark gray or black antennae. These bugs destroy flowers and can also seriously damage its foliage. The above signs include the appearance of bugs on the foliage with the formation of light-colored spots on dark leaves. To eliminate the infestation, use insecticidal soap, special garden oil, or spray against harmful insects. When using the spray, read the directions for use and storage carefully to ensure that the chemical purchased is compatible for use with lantana flowers.
Reproduction: lantana propagates in spring, planted by cuttings or seeds. If you are growing lantana from seed, it should be planted in rich, light-colored soil in a warm spot.
Uses : Lantana flowers can be used to make a wonderful container as well as garden beds. They are usually planted in gardens where there are many butterflies. The flowers of this plant attract even hummingbirds. Plant lantana in containers, pots, boxes on balconies, in a mass with other tropical flowers and plants. When kept in containers, daily watering is required. From the many types of these flowers, you can make a cozy, bright, tropical corner in your garden, and with the help of these plants you can perfectly decorate the central zone of the garden or greenhouse.