It is perhaps difficult to find an apartment in which at least one flower in a pot did not grow. And for many, decorative landscaping of the interior is not just a way to decorate a room, but also to collect an interesting floral collection. Proper use of ornamental plants in the interior of residential premises is a whole science, and you can familiarize yourself with its basics in this article.
Rules for placing plants in an apartment when landscaping the interior
When starting to garden the interior of an apartment, one must remember the rules based on knowledge of the characteristics of each type of plant and the laws of design. When choosing a place for an acquired flower, you should know well what conditions will suit it. So, many flowering plants prefer bright, sunny places, while others, on the contrary, like partial shade.
The most favorable for placing plants are rooms whose windows are facing south, east and west.
On the southern windows, illuminated by bright sunlight almost all day, bougainvillea, jasmine, cyperus, heliotrope, callistemon, oleander, rose, succulents, cacti and many other plants grow beautifully.
On the western windows, where there is always a lot of light and warm enough, such indoor plants in the interior as citrus, hoya, white perone, poinsettia, tradescantia, coffee, tea and other plants feel good.
On the eastern windows, where the sun does not heat so much, you should place: azalea, dieffenbachia, bromeliads, anthurium, ivy, fuchsia, cyclamen and bulbous forcing (the latter must be removed after flowering).
Well, on the northern windows they will most comfortably accommodate: climbing philodendron, aspidistra, noble laurel, boxwood, dracaena, ivy, fatsia, cycad, begonias, balsams, graceful chamedorea, ficuses, howea, ferns and others. A single plant or, conversely, group plantings, various in nature and size, from a desktop miniature to a winter garden, can become an ornament when landscaping the interior of a room.
As you can see in the photo, indoor plants in the interior look very harmonious:
Interior decoration with ornamental plants: choosing a background
The general rule for choosing a background when decorating an interior with indoor plants is this: the background and the plant should complement each other as much as possible, and not argue with each other. A monophonic light background can be considered ideal – on it all plants look the most advantageous.
A bright (light or dark) plain background will favorably emphasize all the variegated forms of plants, but the variegation of leaves is contraindicated for a dim plain background – many plants with spectacular green foliage will be appropriate here.
A small background pattern will balance plants with large leaves and flowers. A large bright pattern is the most unfortunate background for placing plants in the interior. Flowers with small leaves are lost against such a background, with large leaves – they argue with the background pattern. In this case, plants with a minimum of foliage, such as nolins and pachirs, can be used.
Dark backgrounds, especially in combination with dark furniture, need to add bright colors. Bright variegated plants with white, yellow, red stripes and spots will pleasantly enliven the interior. Variegated dracaena, dieffenbachia and plants with white large flowers or inflorescences look very attractive – gardenias, jasmine. It is not recommended to use indoor plants with dark green leaves in such an interior.
The vertical stripes of the background will harmonize well with the wide leaves of the plants. Plants with narrow, ribbon leaves, such as sansevieria, chlorophytum, and many lilies, are categorically not suitable.
The horizontal lines of the background contrast well with the vertical lines of the plants, so in a wide room with low ceilings, plants with narrow, upward-pointing leaves, such as sansevieria, yucca, will look great against wallpaper with horizontal stripes.
In the design of interior landscaping, use the contrast of textures and colors: for example, plants with smooth leaves look advantageous against the background of velor curtains, and ivy and tradescantia with dark leaves look advantageous against the background of light furniture.
Features of landscaping interiors: color combinations
Color in the interior is one of the most expressive means and has a psychological, emotional, artistic and aesthetic impact on a person.
One of the features of landscaping interiors is that when decorating the premises, the color scheme of not only plants, but also planters is very important. When creating a composition of indoor plants, place bright, saturated colors in the center of the group, pale and delicate colors along its edges.
The style of the interior is given by the use of plants of a monochrome range with varying degrees of color saturation.
An interior with bright color details will balance plants with plain green leaves. Plants in the living interior of a plain room should be variegated, in bright, spectacular planters.
Plants in a modern interior: compositional groups
An exceptional variety of plants allows creating contrasting compositional groups in a modern interior. So, the dracaena striving upwards goes well with the bushy broad-leaved young hibiscus and the small ground cover dwarf ficus.
Successfully grouped in rooms, plants can create bright and unexpected effects. For this, hibiscus, hydrangea , palm trees, citrus fruits, laurel cherries, coffee and a number of other highly decorative crops are most suitable. Creeping or hanging plants, such as passionflower, chlorophytum, monstera, gloriosa and others, will be a great addition to them.
When choosing indoor plants for the interior of the apartment, it is necessary to take into account the size of the premises. Large plants for the most part suppress the space of small rooms, visually making them even smaller. For small spaces, standard compositions consisting of small plants are good.
In large rooms or offices, large, single-standing plants look good, such as palm trees, indoor maple, boxwood, figs, noble laurel, orange and others. In such rooms, the type of composition is interesting, where large plants stand in the background: palm trees, pomegranates, citrus fruits, and interesting flower crops are in front on the podiums, in flowerpots.
When placing indoor plants in flower arrangements, ampelous cultures are of considerable interest – they decorate windows and walls, balconies and verandas with their greenery and flowers, fill the empty vertical space. Large plants are preferred to be placed separately, while small ones look better in a group.
Plants with an unusual trunk shape (jatropha, nolina, pakhira), as well as miniature trees – bonsai – are best placed separately from other flowers. Place them on small tables or special illuminated shelves, and they will become the centerpiece of your room.
Interior landscaping design: the rule of the “golden section”
When choosing flowers and planters, when arranging indoor plants in the interior of a residential building and compiling compositional groups, it is necessary to remember the rule of the “golden section” – the most harmonious ratio of elements.
The rule of the “golden section” can be formulated as follows: the ratio of the whole to the greater part should be equal to the ratio of the greater part to the smaller.
In numbers, this rule looks like this: 5:3=3:2
- (for example, the height of the plant should be 2/3 of the total height of the composition, i.e. for a vase – 1/3, for a flower – 2/3), or: 8:5=5:3
- (for example, the total height of the composition is 8 parts, the vase or container should be 3 parts, the flowers – 5 parts).
Each compositional group should have a central point that the eye is drawn to first. Spectacular plants, the brightest and most saturated colors or elements with an unusual shape are placed here. The composition is considered harmonious if one element clearly prevails (is the dominant). This applies not only to color and texture, but also to size, such as plants and planters.
It is possible to plant green spaces according to the principles of symmetry and asymmetry.
When placing indoor plants in the interior of rooms with randomly arranged furniture, with assorted household items, symmetrically located cultures will bring a sense of order. In rooms with a lot of repeating objects (columns, mirrors, armchairs, paintings), asymmetrically located plants will bring a touch of naturalness and liveliness, and symmetry in landscaping will emphasize the dimensionality of the interior.
Placement of indoor ornamental plants in the interior of different rooms
When choosing decorative plants for the interior, it is important to remember that each room – residential or office – has its own purpose, and indoor plants should not interfere with its functionality.
When placing indoor plants in the interior of this room, do not forget that the living room is the face of the entire apartment and often the most spacious room. Therefore, a single large-sized plant in a beautiful flowerpot will look great here – dracaena, araucaria, philodendron, ficus, various palm trees, noble laurel and others.
It is possible to arrange smaller ornamental and flowering plants around the large size – poinsettias, tuberous begonias, hippeastrums, balsams, fuchsias, myrtle, gardenia, –
The main rule: in the interior of the bedroom, plants with a strong aroma of flowers and leaves have no place in the bedroom!
You will not be mistaken if you put one or two large plants in the corner near the mirror (elegant dieffenbachia, unpretentious monstera or bordered dracaena). On the dressing table, place a delicate maidenhair, blooming violet, undersized agave or haworthia, that is, any rosette plant, the beauty of which is especially advantageous when viewed from above. The final touch in the interior design of your bedroom will be nephrolepis or blooming vriesia, placed on the windowsill.
Children are most interested in fast-growing and flowering plants. Adults, when gardening a children’s room, need to remember that children not only sleep in it, but also run and play. Therefore, when decorating the interior of a nursery with ornamental plants, preference should be given to compositions in which vertical gardening techniques are used in order to leave maximum free space for outdoor activities.
Pay special attention to the stability of the pots, do not place them on shelves from which the pots can fall and injure children.
When choosing plants, give preference to those with dense, leathery leaves.
Plants for landscaping the interior of a children’s room should not be poisonous, with thorns and a strong smell of leaves and flowers.
Decorating the interior of the kitchen and bathroom with living plants
When placing plants in the apartment, do not forget about the kitchen and bathroom.
The kitchen is the best place for plants that require high humidity. Cissus and asparagus can be safely attributed to such plants.
A coffee tree in the kitchen is unlikely to bear fruit, but it will create coziness. When decorating the interior of the kitchen with living plants, noble laurel can be used not only for decoration – it grows quickly, and besides, it needs to be cut off periodically to give bushiness. Leaves after pruning can be used in cooking.
Feel good in the kitchen and citrus.
And if bright fruits appear after flowering, then the plant will attract attention.
Decorating the interior of the kitchen with plants, it is not recommended:
- choose plants for the kitchen whose flowers have a strong or unpleasant odor, such as ginura or hyacinth.
- place plants above the stove or on shelves next to it, as warm air from the stove can kill them;
- use for the kitchen too sprawling and fast-growing plants.
Even if the bathroom has windows, this is not the best place for flowers.
In cases where the bathroom is cool, the plants in it will suffer from cold, which, combined with high humidity, will very quickly lead to their death. Therefore, if you have not given up on the idea of transforming your bathroom, choose for it hardy, unpretentious plants that are easy to care for.
The exception is large bathrooms with an adjustable heating system. Plants that require high humidity can be placed in such a bathroom. A couple of sprawling palm trees, a few small flowering plants – and the bathroom will become unusually cozy.
Home plants on the windowsill in the interior of the apartment
It is traditionally believed that the window sill is the best place (and often the only place in small rooms) for placing home plants in the interior of the apartment. There, the plants receive enough light, air and heat, so in many apartments flowers are placed, first of all, on the windowsills in the living room, bedroom, dining room or kitchen.
The size and location of the window sill is an important factor for breeding flowers. Narrow window sills are the worst option. It is impossible to place lush plants on them, to compose a composition, the forms of flowerpots are also limited. There is a way out – to expand the window sill or pick up small plants with a superficial root system for landscaping, which feel good in small pots.
You can use narrow flower racks, hang planters from the ceiling or in window openings.
In many apartments, the central heating battery is located directly under the windowsill. If the window sills are wide, this does not create any problems, it is much worse if the window sills are narrow. Warm dry air from the battery rises to the window where the plants are. As a result, air humidity, which is already low in winter, decreases.
Using this method of plant placement, select crops that tolerate the dry air of apartments, and spray them more often.
Most plants do not tolerate cold drafts, so close any gaps in window frames carefully.
If there is only one window in the room, it is better to purchase lightweight structures with shelves that are mounted in the window opening. It looks modern, does not overload the window, allows light to freely enter the room.
To accommodate tropical, heat-loving plants, you can purchase or build a window closed flower garden or a mini-greenhouse with heating and automatic water supply.
When placing plants on the window, remember:
- light-loving plants are installed closer to the glass (make sure that the leaves do not touch the glass), and more unpretentious – a little further away;
- climbing plants are best placed on the sides of the window, using various supports around which they will curl;
- tall plants are well interspersed with stunted ones;
- ornamental and flowering plants can be combined into original compositions by adding flowering bulbs to them in winter: tulips, daffodils, crocuses, hyacinths, muscari.
The use of large ornamental plants in the interior of residential premises (with photo)
Plants can be beautifully placed not only on the windowsill. A single large decorative leaf plant or a well-composed composition of several plants pleases the eye and turns a room, hall or office into an oasis where beauty and comfort reign.
We are used to the fact that tapeworms are large tall plants. Palm trees, yuccas, monstera, dracaena and dieffenbachia look great as a separate element of gardening. But in the absence of such, they can be replaced, for example, by echinocactus, placed on a spectacular strong stand 70-100 cm high. Many ampelous plants and vines can act as tapeworms. Mount the large shoots on a thick support lined with palm fiber and you will have a magnificent example of a soloist plant.
Using this method of placing indoor plants, the recommended tapeworms are: araucaria, dieffenbachia, dracaena, cypress, spurge, monstera, nolina, palm, fatsia, ficus, philodendron, cereus, cycas, cyperus, cissus, chief fleur, epipremnum, echinocactus, yucca other.
For solitary plants, appearance is extremely important – even one leaf with spotting can minimize the entire decorative effect. Therefore, carefully monitor the appearance of the flower – wash its leaves more often, and adult leaves of unpretentious plants (monstera, philodendron, rubber-bearing and lyre-shaped ficuses) can even be rubbed with special wax for plants.
When caring for a tapeworm plant, do not forget some rules:
- do not place large flowers in the middle of the room and in places where they will interfere with the free movement of people. Place them in free corners, making sure that there is enough light;
- for large plants, get ceramic pots with wide, deep trays so that excess water does not spill onto the floor.
- replanting large plants is extremely difficult, so instead of transplanting, you can change the top layer of the earth to fresh nutrient soil twice a year.
Look at the photo of large indoor plants in the interior of residential premises:
Interior decoration with bonsai plants (with video)
The birthplace of bonsai is Japan and China, where it has been grown for over 1000 years. “Bonsai” in Japanese means “a tree in a low bowl.” Bonsai are grown in flat dishes with a small amount of a special substrate. Using professional techniques, gardeners create dozens of times smaller copies of adult trees.
Bonsai can live indoors for decades. It cannot be called a cheap pleasure: its cost is the higher, the older the plant is and the more bizarre its shape.
In order to grow a miniature copy of a plant, not only knowledge of biology and special agricultural techniques for growing and forming a plant is required, but also a certain flair, artistic taste. The art of creating bonsai has been studied for many years, gradually improving and honing skills. Fans with little experience are advised to buy ready-made bonsai in specialized stores.
Recommended indoor bonsai plants: ardisia, euonymus, brachichiton, bougainvillea, gardenia, eugenia, ixora, fig, camellia, cypress, coffee, crassula (crassula), croton (codiaum), kufeya, laurel, cherry laurel, lemon, myrtle, juniper, euphorbia, legcarpus (podocarpus), nolina (bocarnea), pittosporum, ivy (hedera), serissa, trachelospermum, Benjamin’s ficus, dwarf ficus, blunted ficus, fuchsia, citrofortunella, shefflera.
It is better to place bonsai on a separate table, shelf or flower stand, as it will be lost in the thick of green plants. Often bonsai is used to reproduce a certain landscape, placing a bowl with a plant in a large container along with moss, pebbles, fountains and figurines.
Remember a few rules:
- bonsai culture needs light, heat and humidity just like large trees;
- when planting and feeding bonsai, a special substrate and Bonsai fertilizers are used;
- in summer, bonsai are taken out into the open air, and in winter they are installed in warm and humid rooms;
- coniferous plants need rest, so in winter they need high humidity and a temperature of 2-10 ° C;
- due to the small volume of the substrate, instead of traditional watering, the plant is often immersed for 40-60 seconds in water at room temperature so that the soil clod is evenly moistened;
- every 3-4 years, partially replace the earthen substrate. It can be made up of universal soil, peat and coarse sand (3:1:1) or you can purchase a special substrate for bonsai in flower shops;
- to maintain a harmonious appearance, the crown of the plant is formed throughout its life, otherwise, over time, the bonsai will lose its diminutiveness.
This video shows bonsai plants in the interior of a living space:
Ideas for decorative landscaping of the interior: plants in the florarium (with photo)
For the maintenance of delicate capricious plants in the apartment, the florarium is ideal – a kind of garden in glass. It does not require a lot of space, funds and is easy to operate. Be sure to create your composition in glass, and it will take its rightful place in your apartment.
Vessels for the florarium can be of different shapes and sizes: large rectangular and round aquariums, glass glasses, jars, vases and even bottles. Moreover, plants can be grown both in closed vessels (bottles with corks, closed aquariums) and in open ones (vases and glasses).
Plants grown in open vessels will have to be watered and sprayed periodically – the larger the opening of the vessel, the more often this will have to be done. In closed vessels, the most sensitive plants can be grown, they are hardly watered or sprayed.
Do not place the garden in glass on a sunny windowsill – on hot days, the temperature inside the vessel can rise greatly. It is also impossible to place a vessel far from the light, because glass already retains part of the sun’s rays. The best place for a florarium is a well-lit place, protected from direct sunlight. And using fluorescent lamps, you can place your florarium even in a dimly lit place.
Glass garden maintenance:
- spray and water the plants as needed;
- for top dressing, use a very weak solution of universal fertilizer;
- to avoid one-sided growth of plants, periodically turn the vessel;
- remove faded flowers immediately, cut off overgrown plants or replace them with younger ones;
- periodically clean the walls of the vessel from plaque with a sponge attached to a long stick.
Recommended plants for growing in closed glass vessels: maidenhair, cryptanthus, pellet, peperomia, pilea, pteris, selaginella, soleirolia, tiny ficus, fittonia, calathea, arrowroot, common ivy, columnea and others.
Attention! In plants planted together, the requirements for keeping conditions should be the same.
These photos show ideas for placing indoor plants in the interior of an apartment:
Decorative landscaping of the interior with beautiful ampelous plants
When decorating the interiors of rooms, halls, offices, as well as a terrace, balconies or loggias, ampelous plants are often used.
Ivy begonia, zerbina, tradescantia, hoya, asparagus, columna, fuchsia, weaving saxifrage, chlorophytum, ivy, ivy pelargonium, aporocactus, zygocactus and other plants with long flexible shoots not only decorate the interior with their greenery and flowers, but also fill the empty vertical space .
Beautiful ampelous plants in the interior can be placed in hanging baskets, planters, wall vases, or can be used to build a “green wall” – a partition that divides the room into functional zones.
To do this, you need to place a narrow long flower girl on the floor, attach a decorative mesh, screen or trellis to it. They must be strong enough to support the weight of the long shoots of the plants. To do this, you can make additional fasteners on the ceiling.
The flower girl, sheathed with metal sheets or painted in silver, looks very impressive. Having secured the structure securely, pour a layer of expanded clay, earth into the flower bed and plant several plants with flexible long shoots.
To create “green walls” use the recommended plants – they are unpretentious, fast growing and easy to propagate. In the spring, lightly cut the shoots, root the cuttings and plant in a flower bed. With such regular replanting, the wall will be evenly landscaped over the entire area. Recommended plants for creating “green walls”: plush ordinary and Canarian, plectranthus, roycissus, scindapsus, tradescantia, climbing philodendron, cissus, epipremnum, signonium, hoya.
With the help of climbing plants, you can not only divide the room into zones, but also create a “living carpet” on the wall. To do this, you will not need trellises, but decorative hooks fixed in the wall that support flexible shoots. At the same time, the cache-pot is placed on the floor, decorated or covered with furniture. It is important to assess the degree of illumination of the room in advance and, if necessary, take care of additional lighting for plants. Such a “carpet” requires minimal maintenance, and the decorative effect is very great.
When using ampelous plants it is necessary:
- take into account how much light, heat and moisture the plant needs;
- choose the right dishes on which water will not flow;
- securely fasten the pots;
- think over a way to water the plant at a height;
- Pour granular clay between the pot with the plant and the flowerpot, which will absorb excess water when watering.