Indoor ficuses have long been used for landscaping interiors. These are unpretentious plants that can withstand shading, and are not particularly demanding on the temperature and humidity characteristics of the surrounding air. For growing at home, various varieties of indoor ficuses are used.
We invite you to familiarize yourself with some of them.
Ficus plant at home
Ficus at home are perennial evergreen trees, shrubs and lianas, which, due to the variety of shapes and sizes, have been one of the most popular and prestigious indoor plants for several centuries. They are suitable for any interior, people of various incomes could afford them. Beloved, grown, for many decades copies were inherited.
Ficus plants are well adapted to indoor conditions and lend themselves perfectly to formative pruning – from some species you can create real “green” sculptures.
Ficus varieties and varieties: photo and description
Varieties of ficus for home breeding includes a huge variety of types. The most common ficus varieties and their photos can be seen on this page. The genus combines, according to various sources, from 800 to 900 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres. Quite a lot of species and their varieties are also represented in room culture .
Ficus Benjamin at home and his photo
Ficus benjamina (Ficus benjamina) is the most common species in indoor floriculture. This is an evergreen tree (in nature it grows up to 10-20 m tall) with thin, drooping shoots, from which aerial roots descend.
The leaves are long (up to 10 cm long), narrow, with a shiny surface, dark green. Ficus Benjamin at home feels great with proper care.
Varieties of ficus Benjamin
There are varied forms.
Such varieties of ficus Benjamin are popular as:
‘Anastasia’ – a variety with smooth dark green leaves, along the edge of which there is an uneven lighter stripe, a central vein of light green color;
‘Barok’ – cultivar with curled light green leaves;
Ficus ‘Danielle’ – very deep green leaves with a glossy sheen, smooth edges;
Ficus ‘DeGantel’ – a variety with white-green leaves;
Ficus ‘Exotica’ — leaves are dark green, edges are slightly wavy;
Ficus ‘Golden King’ -green leaves with whitish edging;
`Natasja` -dwarf ficus variety with small bright green leaves, shortened internodes and a dense, compact crown;
Ficus ‘Regidan’ – light green leaves with dark green uneven spots along the central vein;
‘Starlight’ – dark green leaves with white and cream spots and a border;
‘Wiandi’ is a ficus cultivar with an unusual twisting stem, giving the plant a bonsai -like appearance.
Large tree-like ficuses are usually used as tapeworms; young plants look beautiful in various flower arrangements.
Ficus Binnendijkii (Ficus binnendijkii) is also an evergreen tree. The bark of young plants is brown, turning gray with age. The leaves are long, narrow, slightly concave along the central vein, similar in appearance to willow or bamboo leaves.
Ficus rubber at home
The most popular cultivar of rubbery ficus is ‘Alii’ with dark brown bark covered with white strokes and dark green glossy leaves.
Also often there are varieties similar to each other:
‘Amstel Queen’ with dark green leaves wider than the previous variety (the width of the leaf plates reaches 7 cm).
Bright yellowish-green leaves with dark and light green spots scattered over the surface, appearing only in sufficient light, in the variety ‘Variegata’ .
Species with small leaves are used to create “green sculptures”. Ficus rubber at home is easily formed in the form of geometric shapes.
Ficus rubber, or elastic (Ficus elastica) – one of the most unpretentious and spectacular species. These are evergreen trees with large (up to 30 cm long), oval-shaped leaves of dark green or reddish color, arranged in a spiral. Numerous varieties of this type of ficus are distinguished by a variety of color combinations on leaf plates.
Types of home ficuses
Types of domestic ficuses are distinguished by a variety of shapes and colors:
So, for example, in the ‘Abijan’ variety, the leaves are very large, at a young age they have an almost burgundy color, gradually turning into green over time;
`Belize` -leaves are broadly oval, with a variegated pattern formed by dark and light green spots in the center and cream and pinkish areas along the periphery, the stem is dark green with a burgundy tint;
‘Burgundy’ – a variety with large oval leaves, dark green above and greenish-cream below, the central vein on the upper side of the leaf is red, on the lower side is light green, the bark of the shoots is dark red;
‘Melany’ is a compact ficus variety with small, dark green leaves that are reddish on the upper side;
‘Robusta’ – a variety with powerful shoots and wide oval dark green leaves;
` Sylvie ` -leaves are wide, with dark and light green areas in the center of the leaf plate and a continuous cream strip along the edge;
‘Tineke’ – leaves are large, dark green with cream and gray-green spots of various shapes and sizes.
Types of ficus plants: photo and description
on this page you see a description of the ficus plant with photos and growing tips. And now let’s look at some types of ficuses with photos and descriptions in more detail.
Other unpretentious large tree-like ficuses are also grown at room conditions, for example:
Bengal ficus (Ficus benghalensis) with large leathery smooth leaves;
Or lyre- shaped ficus (Ficus lyrata) with large leathery dark green leaves, shaped like a lyre;
Or blunt ficus (Ficus retusa) – outwardly similar to Benjamin’s ficus, but with horizontally arranged shoots and denser leaves.
There are also variegated varieties of this species, but they are more demanding in care.
Of great interest is the tiny ficus (Ficus pumila) – a creeping shrub with long thin shoots, often used as a ground cover or ampelous plant.
In this species, the leaves on young shoots are small and asymmetrical, with age they become larger, stiffer and acquire the correct oval shape. Due to such transformations, the shoots on one plant are very different from each other. Varieties of tiny ficus differ in the color of the leaf plates.
For example, ‘Curly’ has a creamy white stripe along the central vein of a dark green leaf;
`Dorte` -leaves with golden speckles;
` Sunny` – leaves with a discontinuous cream-white stripe;
`White Sunny` – leaves with a wide solid creamy white border;
`Green Sunny` -one-color dark green leaves;
‘Snowflake’ is a rare variety, the bulk of the leaves are similar to ‘Sunny’, but there are shoots with completely white leaves.
The species, the ancient Greek name of which the entire genus owes to the name of the fig tree, or ficus carica (Ficus carica), is rarely found in indoor collections.
This is a deciduous tree or shrub (under natural conditions growing up to 10 m), with thick, slightly branched shoots and palmate, rarely whole, leaves with a rough surface. Inflorescences spherical or pear-shaped, hollow. On the inner wall of the overgrown receptacle there are small flowers, the so-called syconium, which are of three types: male, female with short columns and female with long columns. Plants are dioecious. Pollination is done by insects.
Ficus care and transplantation at home
Ficuses are unpretentious, but they still require some attention to themselves. When placing, it should be borne in mind that variegated varieties are more photophilous than plants with green foliage, which grow well in partial shade. All species do not like moving relative to the light source, only the rubbery ficus must be gradually rotated around its axis to form a symmetrical crown. Most species require relative rest during the winter months (temperature around +1 2 +14 ° C and moderate watering). In summer, watering should be regular and plentiful.
Feeding is carried out during the period of active growth every two to three weeks.
Ficus transplantation at home deserves special attention. Young plants are transplanted annually, adult specimens every three to four years. Spacious containers are chosen for ficuses, and crushed stone is used as a drainage material, since it makes the bottom weight well and gives the plant stability. Adult ficuses between transplants must be subjected to shaping and rejuvenating pruning.
Ficuses reproduce well by seeds, cuttings, and species with aerial roots and climbing shoots by aerial layering.