A famous and popular plant, due to its long flowering period, is a South American plant of the nyctagin family, widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of the country. Bougainvillea flower has 14 species in its genus and in its homeland, in natural conditions it can bloom all year round.
- Origin: South America.
- Family: nigthinoe.
- Lighting: bright light.
- Watering: plentiful in summer, moderate in winter.
- Content temperature: summer +20 +25 ° С, winter 12 + 14 ° С.
Description: It is a creeping shrub, a small tree or a clinging vine with rare sharp thorns and alternate, entire green leaves. The flowers are small, yellow-white, surrounded by 3 bracts up to 6 cm long. In different varieties, they have a variety of colors: orange, red, purple, pink, peach, purple, cream and white. Very often there are 2-colored or changing color during the flowering period of bougainvillea. Bracts can be of various shapes: triangular, rounded, heart-shaped, and the edges are oblong, wavy or finger-shaped.
Thanks to young, flexible and long shoots that become woody over time, the plant lends itself perfectly to molding and, depending on the need, it can be grown as a bush, liana or standard tree.
In room conditions, the plant should be placed in a well-lit place with a moderate temperature, not exposed to direct sunlight. Bougainvillea indoors, with proper care, blooms profusely for 7-8 months, in autumn, winter and spring, starting in November with purple or pink flowers up to 2.5 cm in diameter. Ideal conditions of detention – temperature in summer within +20 +25 °С, in winter +12 +16 °С.
From spring to autumn, it is recommended to place it outdoors in the garden or on an open balcony, protected from rain and drafts, and in the first 2 weeks in a shady place until it gets used to bright light.
Bougainvillea – plant varieties
The most commonly grown species are naked bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) and wonderful (Bougaivillea spectabilis), as well as their numerous hybrid varieties, which differ from each other in color and size of bracts. Bougainvillea has varieties for home cultivation:
Bau De Roses (Bois De Roses) – with very large, orange at the beginning of the flowering period, and by the end of bright pink bracts.
Donyo (Donyo) – throughout the entire flowering period, it retains a pale pink color.
California Gold (California Gold) – at the beginning of flowering is bright yellow, and towards the end it noticeably brightens.
Double Beauty (Double Red) – bracts of medium size, terry, fuchsia-raspberry color throughout the entire flowering period. Blooms profusely.
White Jamaica (Jamaica White) – very large white bracts throughout flowering.
Glabra (Glabra) – with lilac-purple bracts.
Ms. Butt Compact (Mrs Butt Compact) – at the beginning of flowering red brick color and bright crimson at the end. Very large bracts. Abundant flowering.
Pink Singapore (Singapore Pink) – with pinkish-lilac, elongated bracts.
Thai Gold (Thai Gold) – a very beautiful, profusely flowering variety with double-fluffy bright orange bracts at the beginning of flowering, which gradually become soft pink.
Vera Deep Purple – one of the most common varieties with fuchsia-raspberry bright, large bracts and abundant flowering.
bougainvillea growing in the garden
The plant is tropical and thermophilic, dies at negative temperatures. Bougainvillea cultivation in the garden in open ground is possible only in the southern regions, where the air temperature does not fall below + 5 ° C. At the same time, it is necessary to constantly form a crown, since the plant branches poorly without pruning and will grow undeveloped.
Bougainvillea is more often used as a large tub plant placed in a greenhouse or conservatory.
Bougainvillea – plant care
The plant needs nutritious fertile soil with low acidity. A substrate of leafy, humus, peat, soddy soil and coarse river sand in equal proportions is suitable. Be sure to have good drainage. In the soil where there is little calcium, it is recommended to add lime 1-1.5% of the volume.
Transplantation for young plants (up to 3 years old) is carried out in the spring 1 time in 2-3 years, and for adult specimens 1 time in 4-5 years. When transplanting, it is impossible to destroy an earthen clod with a root system – damage to the roots, especially in adult plants, leads to illness, loss of leaves and bracts.
In summer, it needs abundant watering with warm settled water, preferably in the morning. In winter – as the substrate dries.
Bougainvillea requires care – regular fertilization for flowering plants 1 time per week from March to October. Large tub plants during the flowering period are recommended to be fed with complex mineral fertilizer 2 times a week.
Bougainvillea is propagated by offshoots throughout the year, and by matured cuttings in spring and summer.
Bougainvillea is a hardy crop, rarely attacked by pests, however, from time to time, infestation by spider mites, aphids and mealybugs is possible. It is necessary to do a preventive examination 2-3 times a week, especially during flowering. In the presence of parasites, alcohol treatment or treatment with a water-oil emulsion will help. In case of severe infection, treatment with Aktara insecticide, a solution of 4 g per 5 liters of water.
Bougainvillea Alexandra (Bougainvillea Alexandra)
Decorative flowering shrub up to 50 cm tall with climbing, rarely spiny shoots. Bougainvillea Alexandra has large purple-violet bracts. The flowers are small, located at the tops of the shoots, surrounded by bright green leaves. During the flowering period, Alexander is completely covered with elegant bright purple, purple, pink, orange and red bracts.
Bougainvillea Elizabeth (Bougainvillea Elizabeth angus)
Basically, this variety is grown as a standard plant. Bougainvillea Elizabeth is a shrub up to 90 cm high and up to 20 cm in diameter with dark green leaves. Blooms profusely throughout the flowering period with small orange-red flowers with purple bracts.