Ferns are one of the oldest plants on Earth, preserved in the tropical forests of both hemispheres and the subtropical regions of Japan and New Zealand. Better than many species, the Nephrolepis fern (NephroLepis) has adapted to the dry air of apartments. It was on the basis of the home fern nephrolepis that various varieties were bred.
Types of indoor fern nephrolepis and their photos
Nephrolepis sublime (Nephrolepis exaltata) is a terrestrial or epiphytic fern with a short rhizome and a rosette of long (up to 70 cm) arcuately drooping pinnate leaves.
The leaves (segments) are light green, lanceolate, about 5 cm long. The sori of the nephrolepis indoor fern, as seen in the photo, are located on the underside in two rows along the central vein. There are dwarf varieties, varieties with striped leaves, as well as double and thrice pinnate fronds.
Nephrolepis cordifolia ( Nephrolepis cordifolia ) – a species with shorter and denser fronds (leaves are arranged overlapping each other), and water-retaining tubers are formed on stolons, which are convenient to use for vegetative propagation.
Care for nephrolepis at home
To grow a beautiful sprawling nephrolepis, you need to provide enough free space for it. The lighting should be bright, but diffused, it is better to place the plant on a stand near the window.
Although nephrolepis has adapted better than many other ferns to the dry air of apartments and offices, with regular spraying it is better in the morning, the fronds have a whiter dense and green appearance (leaves turn brown from dry air and are affected by pests).
Caring for nephrolepis at home is not difficult, but it should be remembered that this fern should not be placed near central heating radiators. In winter, a cool content is desirable (about +16 … +18 ° C). You need to water regularly, the soil should always be slightly moist.
Top dressing is carried out from March to August once every 2 weeks with organic fertilizers in small doses. Transplanted in the spring every 2-3 years, using slightly acidic soil. It is better to use containers that are wide and shallow, be sure to add marble chips to the bottom for weighting. Nephrolepis reproduces well by offspring shoots at any time of the year or by dividing a large specimen during transplantation.
Only if there is free space around and when placed at a sufficient height, fronds can beautifully “turn around”.