Climbing Roses: description of varieties, pruning and garter

HomeAbout rosesClimbing Roses: description of varieties, pruning and garter

The best varieties of climbing roses are indispensable for vertical gardening. It is one thing – an arch or a gazebo in a summer cottage surrounded by flower beds, and quite another if these structures are decorated with climbing plants. And if climbing plants still bloom throughout the warm season, then small architectural forms take on a completely different look. In order for the plants to clearly repeat all the bends of the support, you need to know how to properly cut climbing roses and how to properly tie them up.

Description of beautiful climbing roses and their photos

As follows from the name and description of climbing roses, these plants have long whip shoots up to 5 meters or more, which do not have their own wrapping organs such as antennae. Therefore, they need an auxiliary device in the form of a frame.

Pay attention to the photos of beautiful climbing roses – they decorate walls and fences, arches and pergolas:

These plants are divided into two groups: once flowering and re-flowering:

  • The first are very tall climbing vines with very lush and abundant flowering. Their flowers are small, collected in heavy clusters. Varieties of these roses belong to the Rambler group. They bloom in June for a month. Inflorescences are large, from 30-40 small flowers, appear only on last year’s shoots. Until late autumn, the bushes retain openwork greenery.
  • The climber group combines varieties of large-flowered climbing roses obtained by crossing rambler roses with floribunda and hybrid tea roses. They have thicker shoots up to 3.5 m long and bloom on the shoots of the current year continuously until late autumn, but flowering is not so plentiful.

Repeating or continuously blooming climbing roses have many varieties with large or small flowers, fragrant or not very fragrant, drooping or looking up.

Below you will find a photo and description of climbing roses of the most popular varieties:

How to cut and tie up a climbing rose (with photo)

All these plants are spectacular. With proper pruning of climbing roses and tying them up, they retain their decorative effect for a long time.

Here you will learn how to prune and tie a climbing rose in your garden:

  • Once flowering bushes form very long shoots, take up a lot of space, not only in height, but also in width.
  • By bending the young branches down and tying them horizontally, we stimulate the powerful growth of shoots and rapid flowering the next year along the entire length of the stem.
  • In re-blooming roses, at the end, faded flowers are removed to the first whole leaf looking outward. It is especially important to remove wilted flowers after the first wave of flowering, because new shoots will grow from the buds in the axils of the leaves and bloom.
  • Before pruning a climbing rose, dry, diseased and very thin shoots are removed from them. The main pruning of old branches is carried out annually in the spring.

Watch the video “Pruning climbing roses” to better understand the intricacies of this agricultural technique:

The use of these roses in the garden significantly increases the area of green spaces.

Climbing roses should be tied as horizontally as possible, since the largest number of flower buds are formed on the upper side of horizontal shoots.

Here you can see in the photo how to tie a climbing rose to ensure its active growth:

Modern varieties of climbing roses are based on different types of wild roses with long shoots. At the end of the flowering period, partially or completely faded shoots are cut out from roses.

The minimum distance between plantings is 120-150 cm, so that healthy, well-developed shoots do not have to be cut out due to thickening during the growth period. Vigorous varieties need 200-250 cm.

The best time for planting, especially in the south, is autumn (October). Among these plants are those that grow successfully as vines on the northern wall of buildings.

Popular varieties of the best climbing roses

Check out the description of the varieties of climbing roses that are popular for growing in the middle lane:

“Crimson Rambler” . The ancestor of many varieties of climbing roses is the Crimson Rambler variety, which gained fame as early as 1899. This variety has long, powerful arched shoots. The upper half of them from the middle of summer is covered with a mass of pyramidal inflorescences, consisting of densely double, bright crimson flowers. This variety is disposable, but very abundant flowering.

“Excelsa” . Popular climbing rose with flowers collected in large dense inflorescences 3 – 3.5 cm in diameter. Petals are bright carmine with a lilac tint, numerous – up to 70-90 pieces. Flowering is abundant and long. The leaves are dark green, shiny. Bushes vigorous. Shoots are long, up to 4 m, thin and flexible. The advantages include winter hardiness and resistance to powdery mildew.

“Super Excelsa” – a variety similar to “Excelsa”. The difference lies in the repeated abundant flowering.

“Dorothy Perkins” . The Dorothy Perkins variety has an extended flowering period. It has shiny, as if varnished, leaves, semi-double flowers of pink and white color.

Closely related to this variety are “Paul Scarlet Climber” with bright red flowers and “Excelsa” with crimson bright flowers. Light pink flowers with a delicate aroma in the New Down variety, the bush itself is wide, sprawling, with arched shoots lying on the ground without a garter.

Variety “Aloe” has not only continuous flowering, but its dense flowers are fragrant and luxurious.

“Westerland” – a variety from the group of semi-climbing roses. Very fragrant double flowers (up to 30 petals) have a diameter of 10 cm, they are bright orange with a copper sheen, collected in large inflorescences. The leaves are bright green, shiny, large. Bushes up to 1.5 m high, shoots grow vertically. The advantages include frost resistance, abundant and long flowering.

“New Down” . Pale pink flowers, up to 7 cm in diameter, double (25-35 petals), very fragrant, inflorescence 3-6 flowers. Bushes vigorous (up to 2 m high), dense. The leaves are small and shiny. Blooms profusely, remontantly. The variety is winter-hardy. Used in groups and for vertical gardening.

Other varieties are often found in amateur gardens:

‘Polka’ , with orange fragrant flowers and remontant blooms.

“Caesar” – with flowers creamy yellow on the outside and pink inside.

“Swan Lake” is one of the most beautiful climbing roses with white double flowers, blooming throughout the summer and until late autumn.

“Leo Tolstoy” . The color is red. The size of the flower in diameter is 13 cm. The height of the bush is up to 3-3.5 m.

“Rimosa” – with bright yellow double flowers, abundant and repeated flowering, besides a strong pleasant aroma.

“Lutea Captivity” . The flowers are creamy yellow, 2.6 cm in diameter, cupped, double (52 petals), fragrant, in dense umbellate corymbs. Height up to 3.5 m, with long flexible shoots without thorns, covered with evergreen shiny leaves. Resistant to pests and diseases .

“Goldstern” . One of the best varieties of climbing roses with flowers of pure golden yellow, non-fading, persistent, goblet, 8-10 cm in diameter. It is collected in densely double (up to 55 petals), inflorescences of 2-3 pieces, slightly fragrant. They may be single. The leaves are large, leathery, dark green. The bushes are dense, straight, well branched, up to 2.5 m high. It blooms profusely, repeatedly, all summer. The variety is winter-hardy, resistant to adverse weather conditions and diseases.

“Ash Wednesday” . This single-blooming climbing rose is usually white, but its most delicate coloring has many nuances, from grayish to milky. If the weather in May is cold, a brighter color is possible, if it is already hot and sunny – a grayish-lavender shade.

“Remosa Climbing” . The flowers are bright yellow, in hot weather they fade to lemon. Appear one at a time or up to 7 pieces, opening up, showing golden stamens. Flowering is very abundant. The size of the flower in diameter is 7-9 cm. The height of the bush is up to 4 m.

With the help of climbing roses in the garden, you can create a wall that divides the garden into parts. The abundance of flowers, the beautiful color of the petals – all this makes roses plants unsurpassed in their magnificence.

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