Carnation pinnate or terry

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Carnation pinnate (Dianthus plumaris) or Hungarian (Dianthus hungaricus) is a herbaceous perennial from the genus carnations , a popular flower culture.

  • Family: cloves.
  • Homeland: mountainous regions of Western Europe.
  • Rhizome: taproot root system.
  • Stem: straight, knotted.
  • Leaves: sessile, oblong-linear.
  • Fruit: box.
  • Reproductive ability: propagated by cuttings, seeds, division of bushes.
  • Illumination: light-loving.
  • Watering: moderate without stagnant water.
  • Content temperature: frost-resistant.
  • Flowering time: June-July for a month.

Description of the flower carnation terry

Beautifully flowering perennial plant, forming a dense turf of numerous shoots with narrow-linear bluish-green leaves. In June, single simple or double fragrant flowers, up to 3 cm in diameter, grow on cranked, slightly leafy peduncles 30-50 cm high. Purple, white, pink petals have a fringed, cut edge.

The fruit is a box, with numerous black seeds, up to 900 pieces per 1 g.

There are many garden forms and varieties of clove pinnate:

Terry Scottish variety(D. plumarius scoticus) , 40 cm tall, of various colors, a well-known variety – “Menjesty” with pure white fragrant flowers.

Remontant form(D. plumarius semperflorens) , 25 cm tall, blooms in June and again in August with semi-double and double flowers.

Spectacular compact form – feathery dwarf carnation (D. plumarius nanus) , up to 15 cm high.

Common varieties of pinnate carnation:

Terry white Alba.

Dark pink Desdemona.

Carmine Pomegranate.

Growing and propagating clove pinnate

Prefers sunny sites with light, loose soil, loamy or sandy, not acidic, well-drained, rich in nutrients. It does not tolerate waterlogging and stagnant water, it grows better in an elevated area.

Growing carnation pinnate is not particularly difficult. It is unpretentious, drought-resistant, winter-hardy. Weeding is required only for young plantings, later the bushes grow and form dense grayish-green sods, covered with bright flowers in June-July.

Watered in dry weather 1 time per week, for more abundant and long flowering, faded buds are removed. After flowering, the shoots are cut to a third of the length and fed with mineral fertilizers or humus, repeating top dressing every 2-3 weeks. The plant does not tolerate fertilizer with manure. Cropped shoots grow back quickly, and re-blooming is possible in the fall.

Carnation hibernates without shelter, even under the snow keeping gray foliage. It remains decorative for 5-6 years, then it grows, thins out and needs to be updated.

The plant is most easily propagated by dividing the bushes, which is produced in the spring before the growth of the shoots or at the end of August. In late May or early July, it is easily propagated by cuttings. The stems are cut below the node so that a part of the internode 2-3 cm long remains, which contributes to better root formation. Rooted in moist soil.

When propagated by seeds, they are planted directly into the ground in early spring or before winter, or in seedling boxes in April-May. In the ground, seeds germinate for more than 2 weeks, develop slowly, so planting seedlings in pots is preferable. Seedlings dive once, in August or next spring they are planted in a flower garden. Young plantings bloom the next year.

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