Asiatic lily is one of the most unpretentious flowers among the representatives of its class. Despite this, it is valued for its decorative effect, which is given to it by large bright buds of unusual colors. This plant is a hybrid obtained by crossing subspecies of lilies, which are distinguished by their beauty and non-capricious character. This crop is grown in garden plots and at room conditions, you just need to choose the right variety. Low varieties are excellent for breeding on the windowsill.
The flowers have a different shape, depending on the cultivar. They can be funnel-shaped, cup-shaped, stellate, poluchalnoy. The buds are wide open, with pointed petals that have smooth or wavy edges.
Inflorescences can be simple and terry. The color of the flowers is varied with a predominance of white and bright orange colors. Up to 25 buds develop on one stem, emitting a sweetish aroma.
It is worth familiarizing yourself with the names, descriptions and photos of the best varieties of Asiatic lilies suitable for growing in a pot in order to succeed in this work.
“Aphrodite” – a variety valued for large double star-shaped flowers of pale pink color. The petals are narrow, pointed, lighter in the central part than along the edges.
“Brushmark” – a variety with flowers of various colors. On the surface of the flowers there are always strokes resembling strokes.
“Golden Stone” – a plant with star-shaped flowers of amber color. In the central part of the petals there are many red-brown blotches.
“Malvina” is a plant with bright yellow inflorescences. There are scarlet blurry spots on the petals.
“Annemaris Dream” – a variety with straight, fleshy stems, densely covered with emerald-colored foliage. Flowers can be yellow, pink, red, purple, orange.
“Tango” – a bright variety with dark brown flowers, on the petals of which numerous specks of a contrasting shade are scattered.
“Detroit” – differs in wide-open buds with petals bent back, even or wavy along the edge. Buds of bright red color with yellow-green stamens.
“Mapira” – one of the most unusual varieties of Asiatic lilies, which has flowers of a purple hue. Orange stamens are clearly visible inside the flower. The plant is able to form 5 – 10 or more buds at the same time.
“Lollipop” – spring-like beautiful and delicate flowers with white and pink petals and green stamens.
“Fata Morgana” – a spectacular variety with densely double inflorescences of lemon yellow color. Petals ¼ covered with small brown specks. 6-9 buds develop on one stem.
“Brunello” – a plant with single flowers of white, orange, yellow hue.
“Forever Susan” is a very spectacular variety with an unusual color of inflorescences, combining light orange and purple tones.
“Delta” – characterized by intense orange buds with brown strokes in the central part of the petals.
“Spring Pink” – has large double flowers of a light pink hue. The petals are framed with a white, barely noticeable border.
“Grand Cru” – lemon-colored flowers with red dots in the center of the petals.
After purchasing Asiatic lily bulbs, planting should be done on the same day almost immediately. If this is not yet possible, they must be placed in a cool place. Before planting, the bulbs are carefully inspected for defects. Remove dried roots and damaged scales.
For planting, they take wooden or plastic containers, fill them with loose, well-permeable soil, which is purchased at a store for growing onion crops, or prepared independently.
The composition of the substrate should include components such as humus, river sand, turf and leaf soil, charcoal. At the planting stage, you can immediately apply fertilizer with micro and macro elements.
The bulbs are buried in the soil by 4 – 5 cm, sprinkled with a layer of earth, which is then lightly tamped, watered. The top of the bulb should be on the surface of the soil. Several children can be placed in one container at the same time. Germinate in a room with a temperature of 20 – 25 degrees, keeping the substrate moist until sprouts appear.
Other methods of reproduction
Some flower growers practice the propagation of Asiatic lilies using seeds. However, this method is time consuming. In addition, plants obtained from seeds are slow to develop and grow. They begin to bloom no earlier than five years after planting.
There is another effective way to obtain a new copy of Asiatic lily – propagation by bulbs formed in the axils of the leaves.
They can be seen on the plant after it has faded. When the bulbs fall to the ground, they should be collected and planted in a pot to a depth of 1 – 2 cm. Grow in a cool place.
It is not difficult to care for an Asiatic lily when growing it at home, it is enough to create comfortable conditions for the flower in accordance with its needs.
- Lighting. This variety should not be grown in south-facing windows, as the delicate petals are sensitive to direct sunlight. The best place for a flower will be the east or west side of the room. It is recommended to cover the window on which this flower grows with a curtain.
- Air temperature. For Asian potted lilies, the optimum temperature range is 18 – 20 degrees with slight deviations of 1 – 2 degrees. This plant does not like heat, but it does not tolerate cold either. In summer, it is recommended to keep it on a balcony or terrace. In winter, if the room is cool, you need to raise the temperature with heaters.
- Watering. Watering should not be frequent or rare. When carrying out water procedures, you must follow the rule: if the soil has dried out sufficiently after the previous watering, it’s time to moisten it again.
- Air humidity. This culture grows well in conditions of moderately humid air. Too dry indoor air negatively affects the condition of foliage and buds. To avoid deformation of the plant and the invasion of harmful insects, it is necessary to spray the foliage daily. It is also important to periodically wipe the sheet plates with a damp cloth in order to clean them of dust.
- Top dressing. Fertilizers are important for well-being, full development and flowering of the Asiatic lily. The first dressing is applied after planting the bulbs. Further, the soil is enriched three times per season, using the mineral composition.
- Rest period. Like most flowering plants, this culture enters a dormant state with the onset of late autumn, which will last until the beginning of spring. During this period, watering is reduced to 1 time in 7 days, fertilizer application is stopped. Excess moisture in the soil in winter leads to the appearance of fungal diseases and rot.
- Other care. During intensive flowering, faded inflorescences are cut off in a timely manner. After watering, the soil must be loosened to ensure oxygen access to the roots. When growing Asiatic lilies, the flower should be protected from drafts. In summer, the plant can be planted in open ground so that the bulbs gain a large supply of nutrients and grow stronger.
The substrate for this culture is recommended to be changed to a fresh one annually. This contributes to the active growth of the plant, prevents the occurrence of diseases and pests. In the process of transplanting, the flower is removed from the pot. Small onions are carefully separated from large ones with a sharp clean knife, then cleaned from the ground.
Then they are kept in a light pink solution of manganese, dried and stored in a dark place, wrapped in a cloth or paper bag. In March – April, they can be seated in a new container.
If the root system of the Asiatic lily begins to deteriorate, rot, the damaged areas should be cut off during transplantation.
It is rare when, under good conditions, this culture refuses to form buds. With a long absence of flowering, you should pay attention to whether the flower is properly cared for. First of all, flowering does not occur with a lack of moisture.
It is important to follow the recommendations for watering, preventing the earthen coma from drying out and cracking. For watering, it is recommended to use a watering can with a long spout.
Fertilizer has a great influence on bud formation. The lack of minerals leads to the fact that the lily stops blooming. In addition to the above, common reasons for the lack of flowering are the constant presence of the plant in drafts, sudden changes in temperature, too dry air in the room, and a spacious pot.
Experts recommend strictly following the rules for planting and caring for the Asian lily in the apartment, performing all activities at the right time. Pay special attention to the plant during flowering.