Homeland ardizia (Ardizia) – mixed broad-leaved and coniferous forests of subtropical regions of China, Korea, Japan, India. About 400 species of plants of the Myrsinaceae family belong to the genus Ardisia. Oblong-lanceolate leathery smooth shiny green leaves with wavy edges are located on long stems. Ardisia flowers are white, pink or red with a pleasant aroma. They are collected in inflorescences and are located on the tops of the shoots. Over time, small bright red berries appear in place of the flowers.
Types of houseplant ardisia
Ardisia crenate is characterized by symbiosis with bacteria (Bacillus foliicola) located in knotty thickenings located along the edges of the leaf blade. The destruction of these nodes inhibits its growth. Seeds germinate on the mother plant, and bacteria easily enter the growing point of the seedling, and then inside the leaf primordia.
Ardisia low (Ardisia humilis) is inferior in size to the previous species. The leaves reach a length of 5-15 cm. Light pink flowers are small. The fruits first have a red-brown color, then blacken and become glossy.
Ardisia oval (Ardisia elliptica) is a dense branched shrub. Bright green dense shiny leaves 5-20 cm long are arranged oppositely. The inflorescences of the indoor flower ardisia are terminal racemes with pinkish star-shaped five-petal flowers. The berries are first dark pink, then black, glossy.
Ardisia crenata is an evergreen branched shrub or small tree 60 to 150 cm high. Smooth leathery leaves with a crenate edge 6-12 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, pointed at both ends, arranged alternately.
As can be seen in the photo, ardisia crenate has small (0.5-0.6 cm long) fragrant white and pink flowers, collected in thyroid inflorescences (apical or on axillary shoots).
Fruits – numerous orange-red berries about 1 cm in diameter for a long time, up to one year or more, remain on the plant.
Caring for a houseplant ardisia at home
For the plant choose a bright place. It gratefully receives the sun’s rays in the morning and at sunset. In the summer at noon, the houseplant ardisia requires shading. In summer, the flower is kept at a moderate temperature (20-22 ° C), in winter it prefers a cooler one (about 12-15 ° C).
In summer, the plant is watered with moderately slightly acidified water, on hot days – abundantly. Reduce watering in winter. When cared for at home, ardisia responds well to regular spraying with warm water at any time of the year, excluding periods of flowering and fruit set.
From May to October, every two weeks, fertilizing is carried out with special complex mineral fertilizers for indoor plants, alternating them with organic fertilizers.
Transplanted annually in February-March in a soil mixture of leafy and coniferous soil, peat and sand (1: 1: 1: 0.5) of a neutral or slightly acidic reaction (pH 6.5-7). Good drainage is made in the pot, and pieces of birch charcoal are added to the soil. Adult plants in tubs are transplanted as needed in the spring. To form a crown in spring, ardisia is cut or pinched.
Reproduction of ardisia
Propagated by apical cuttings and seeds. Root cuttings in indoor greenhouses at a temperature of 24-28 ° C. In winter, they are kept at a temperature of at least 18 ° C. In spring, water abundantly, feed with organic and mineral fertilizers every two weeks. Cuttings do not pinch plants – they branch well.
Seeds are sown in January-March. Soil heating is required, since the most favorable temperature for seed germination is 22-23°C. The soil mixture is made up of soddy, leafy earth and sand, taken in equal parts.
Ardisia pests – spider mites, aphids, thrips, scale insects. Diseases are root rot. Excess water or irregular watering causes leaf drop. Light chlorotic leaves indicate iron deficiency. In this case, iron chelates are used.