Latin name: Jasminum.
Plant type: shrub or liana.
Description: This plant has always been revered in the East. In many Eastern cultures, it has become an honorary symbol of passionate love. Moreover, due to the enchanting aroma of flowers, it was also called the “Queen of the Night.” Jasmine has an amazing ability to harmonize the surrounding space.
Tea connoisseurs add flower petals of this unusual plant to the drink for flavoring. Petals are small white stars, which are collected in five or six pieces in few-flowered brushes. The flowers stay on the branches for a maximum of twenty days. When they fade, their shade from white gradually turns into purple or reddish. Artificially obtained forms with semi-double flowers.
Large-flowered jasmine is quite common in Russia. Its stems are curly with pinnately compound, opposite leaves. It does not occur in the wild. Its main purpose is the industrial flavoring of tea. This type can often be found in stores. To enhance the decorative effect, vendors set up an arched support and the plant wraps around it, resulting in an arch of dark, glossy foliage supported by five to ten flowering umbels that give off a strong, bewitching fragrance.
According to its botanical characteristics, indoor jasmine is nothing like garden mock orange. All they have in common is the scent of flowers. If your jasmine is already large enough and has abundant blooms, then at night it must be moved from the living room, because the strong smell can cause headaches.
- Types of jasmine: Hollow-flowered, officinalis, Sambac, primrose.
- Homeland: subtropics and tropics of Asia and Europe.
- Care: Careful care is required.
- Temperature range: 16-29°C. The most suitable will be cool and warm rooms. In winter, the temperature is best kept at 16-18°C.
- Humidity level: high.
- Lighting: indoor jasmine is a light-loving plant, so it is best to place them near sunny windows with shade on hot summer afternoons. It is desirable that the sun’s rays come from the South or West.
Watering: in summer, jasmine should be watered abundantly, and in winter, reduce the rate. Water should be settled, soft and warm. In spring and summer, the soil should always be slightly moist. In general, this plant does not tolerate both the drying of an earthy coma and the stagnation of a large amount of water at the roots. If you use rain water, it is better to boil it.
Fertilizer: during active growth, from April to August, once a week, liquid potash fertilizers intended for indoor plants should be applied.
Repotting : Young jasmines should be repotted every year, and adults every two to three years. Transplantation is best done in March. The soil should consist of a mixture of leafy, clay-soddy soil and sand.
Pests: May be affected by aphids, mealybugs, scale insects, spider mites and whiteflies.
Reproduction: Reproduction occurs in summer and spring. In the spring, the lignified shoots remaining after pruning from the previous year should be used as cuttings, and in the summer season, green shoots are used for rooting. In both cases, prepared cuttings must be planted in a substrate, which consists of equal parts of peat and washed coarse river sand. All this should be covered with polyethylene film or glass, and the air temperature should not be lower than 20°C. Due to the fact that some species of jasmine take too long to form roots, cuttings are recommended to be treated with heteroauxin or similar preparations. After 20-25 days, rooted cuttings should be planted in pots with a diameter of seven centimeters. The following ratio is used as a substrate: 2 parts of leafy soil, 2 parts of coniferous soil, 2 parts of peat and 1 part of sand.
Healing properties: only the strengthened jasmine leaves that have appeared can be used as a seasoning for salads. Moreover, the leaves are used to prevent lactation and as an antipyretic. From the leaves, you can make hot compresses and apply to ulcers that have arisen on the skin. The root of the plant can be consumed raw for insomnia and headaches, as well as for fractures as an anesthetic.
Additionally: in order for the jasmine to bloom, you must adhere to the following rules:
- In winter, low temperatures and moderate watering.
- In summer, water with soft water (to defend one day), the lighting should be bright.
- Annually in February or early March, prune the plant strongly (shoots grow quickly). Long shoots should be shortened by a third, and thin, dry, underdeveloped branches should be cut inside the bush.
- The soil should not contain lime.
- The air in the room should be humid, you can also just spray the foliage.
- Be sure to regularly feed the jasmine.
The following difficulties may arise: in dry, warm air, with insufficient watering or under direct sunlight, jasmine leaves can curl, shrink, dry out and fall off. In this case, it is recommended to place the plant in a cooler place, and if there are no flowers, spray it.