Genus Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis) belongs to the Orchid family. Under natural conditions, plants live in the humid lowland and mountain forests of Southeast Asia, Northeast Australia, and the Philippines. The name of the genus comes from the Greek words phalania (“night moth”) and opsis (“resemblance”): the flowers resemble butterflies.
Phalaenopsis is an epiphytic plant, with a very short stem and a rosette of three to five two-row arranged large fleshy leaves. At home, many types of phalaenopsis are cultivated, differing in the color of the inflorescences, the size of the leaves and the shape of the petals. On this page you can get recommendations for caring for plants at home, as well as see numerous photos of the Phalaenopsis orchid.
Pleasant Phalaenopsis (Phalenopsis amabilis) is a medium-sized plant with three to five leaves. Oval fleshy leathery leaves up to 50 cm long and 10-12 cm wide. One and a half meter drooping peduncle often branches. Large (8-10 cm in diameter) flowers open one after another (up to 20-30 pieces), they are milky white with a lip painted in yellow and purple tones, sometimes with a light aroma. The maximum flowering occurs in May-June.
Phalaenopsis Parish (Phalaenopsis parishii) has a short stem completely covered with leaves. The leaves are dark green, 5-17 cm long, about 5 cm wide. The short (5-14 cm long) peduncle bears 4-10 flowers. The flowers are milky white with a very wide lip. The middle lobe of the lip is purple or purplish-lilac. The flowers are about 2 cm in diameter, bloom at the same time, last 15-20 days.
If, in its description, Phalaenopsis Parish is similar to other orchids, then in its aroma this plant cannot be confused with other species. Phalaenopsis flowers have a wonderful smell, filling the entire room with aroma.
In hieroglyphic phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica), the stem is completely covered with the bases of two to eight leaves. The leaves are green, shiny, up to 25-30 cm long, 5-9 cm wide. The peduncle of a room orchid is 30 cm. The hieroglyphic phalaenopsis flowers open almost simultaneously and do not fade for about a month. They are waxy, 5-8 cm in diameter, creamy white with numerous lemon yellow dots or streaks, and have a pleasant aroma.
Phalaenopsis horse (Phalaenopsis equestris) has a purple-violet peduncle, at the end of which new flowers appear (the old ones gradually fall off), so the plant remains in a flowering state for several months. The flowers are light pink, rather small (2-3 cm). The maximum flowering is in February-April and September-November.
Schiller ‘s Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis schilleriana) is a profusely flowering species, easy to cultivate. Leaves up to 45 cm long, up to 10 cm wide, dark green with randomly arranged silver-gray spots. The underside of the leaf is brownish purple. Peduncle multi-flowered, drooping, up to 1 m long. Flowers up to 9 cm in diameter are painted in light crimson shades. The peak of flowering is in December-March.
Beautiful Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis speciosa) has a shortened stem, completely hidden by the bases of the leaves. Leaves 15-20 cm long, 6-8 cm wide. Peduncle hanging, up to 30 cm long. Flowers are white with a purple-burgundy blurry spot, fragrant. Flower color is very variable.
How to care for a phalaenopsis plant
Before you care for phalaenopsis at home, you need to remember a few rules. These indoor orchids love humidity and diffused light, so they are kept on western or eastern windows. In winter, on cloudy days, the plants are additionally illuminated.
The flower does not tolerate too warm air, so the room is often ventilated, maintaining high humidity. In winter, the plant is protected from cold and drafts, the temperature is maintained at 18-20 ° C. In summer, they are kept at a daytime temperature of 25-30 ° C, at night it is reduced to 20 ° C.
In summer, plants are regularly sprayed with warm water. It is watered abundantly throughout the year, briefly immersing the container with the plant up to half in water, and then letting it drain.
The soil mixture is prepared from humus, peat, sphagnum moss and sand (1: 1: 1: 0.5) with the addition of charcoal and crushed fern roots. Good drainage is required. Transplanted if the growth of the plant stops.
The phalaenopsis flower is propagated by division during transplantation. Among the pests for room orchids, mites, aphids, scale insects are the most dangerous.