The streptocarpus flower is distinguished by the high decorativeness of its buds and the variety of petal colors. Streptocarpus indoor flowers can be grown even in the most difficult conditions of unstable temperature and humidity of the surrounding air. It hardly tolerates direct sunlight and requires regular watering with specially prepared water.
Description of streptocarpus and its photo
The genus Streptocarpus belongs to the Gesneriaceae family. If you read the description of Streptocarpus, you will understand that the representatives of the genus are mainly perennial herbaceous terrestrial or epiphytic plants, stemless or with a very short stem. In nature, they grow in tropical regions of South Africa, East Asia, and Madagascar. The genus name comes from the Greek words streptos (“twisted”) and karpos (“fruit”) – when ripe, the fruits are twisted. See the presented numerous photos of streptocarpus of different types and varieties below.
Types of streptocarpus
The most popular in room culture are two types of streptocarpus – Rex and a hybrid type bred to produce large flowers.
Streptocarpus Rex (Streptocarpus rexii) is the most popular among flower growers. The plant consists of a rosette of broadly lanceolate long light green wrinkled leaves, harsh to the touch.
The flowers are solitary, small (about 2.5 cm in diameter), blue or blue with brownish-red strokes in the throat, on long pedicels rising 14-18 cm above the plant. This species is the starting point for obtaining a variety of hybrid forms and varieties with rich flower color palette. The species is very stable when cultivated indoors.
Streptocarpus hybrid large-flowered (Streptocarpus hybridus) – a small herbaceous plant 25-30 cm high – has large wrinkled elongated matte shiny leaves.
Many forms are known that differ in the bright color of flowers from snow-white and pink to bright red and dark purple. Varieties of modern breeding have two- and three-color color. The flowers are large (up to 8 cm in diameter), velvety, similar to a gramophone. At the same time, 15 or more flowers bloom on the plant.
Varieties of streptocarpus
Streptocrapus varieties “Guidelines” – with very large white flowers with blue-black rays diverging from the center. Flowering is plentiful.
“Blueberry Butterfly” – with flowers of medium size, pale blue with dark purple rays diverging from the center.
‘Texas Hot Chili’ is a compact plant with very bright red flowers and a yellow eye. Grows slowly.
“Fashion Statement” – with large simple flowers with two white upper petals and three light purple lower ones. On the lower petals there is a clear ink-violet grid.
‘Salmon Sunset’ has medium sized flowers, salmon pink tinged with orange, with a yellow underside of the neck adorned with a burgundy maple leaf. Flowering is plentiful.
‘Bristol’s Petticoats’ – with large white rounded flowers with a wine-red lace pattern all over and with a slightly wavy clear white border.
In summer, plants are kept in a bright, warm place at temperatures up to 25 ° C, protected from direct sunlight. In winter, during a period of relative rest, they are kept in a cool place at a temperature of 12-14 ° C.
Streptocarpus care at home
Water abundantly, as the topsoil dries. Reduce watering in winter. Periodically, when caring for streptocarpus at home, the air around the plant is moistened by spraying water from a sprayer, but try not to get on the leaves. Plant pots are placed in wide trays filled with wet moss.
Feed once a week with complex mineral fertilizers. To prolong flowering, wilted flowers are regularly removed along with peduncles, cutting them at a height of 1-1.5 cm from the leaf.
Transplanted annually in spring into a soil mixture of leafy soil, humus and peat, taken in equal amounts, adding charcoal. The root system of these plants is superficial, so the pots are selected low and wide, always with drainage holes.
Reproduction of streptocarpus
Reproduction of streptocarpus is allowed by leaf cuttings and division of overgrown bushes during transplantation. The leaf is planted in a small pot, deepened by 1-1.5 cm, in slightly moistened soil, covered with a transparent cap. Ventilate from time to time. After about one to one and a half months, babies appear. When young plants form two or three pairs of leaves, they are seated.
Diseases and pests
The plant is quite resistant to pests and diseases.