The myrtle flower can be successfully grown at home, if you follow some rules of plant farming.
Basically, home myrtle is distinguished by shade tolerance and the absence of special demands on the conditions of its growth. However, in many ways, the success of cultivation depends on the correct choice of a suitable variety. We offer you a material that tells about the rules for breeding and caring for myrtle in room conditions.
The genus Myrtle belongs to the Myrtaceae family. In nature, plants can be found in North Africa, Western Asia, the islands of the Caribbean, Florida (USA), the Azores, Europe (Mediterranean).
Houseplant myrtle and his photo
Common myrtle (Myrtus communus) is grown indoors – a plant with leathery lanceolate leaves 2-4 cm long and 1-2 cm wide. Single flowers are white, axillary, fragrant. In nature, it grows up to 5 m, indoors a houseplant myrtle grows 60 cm high, rarely reaches 1 m.
A variety of microphylla with small leaves and varieties is known:
Myrtle “Variegata” – with variegated leaves;
Miter variety “Leiocarpa” – with white fruits;
Myrtle “Latifolia” – with wide leaves;
Myrtle “Compacta” – undersized plant;
Myrtle “Tarentina Variegata” – characterized by small variegated leaves (1-1.5 cm long), abundant flowering;
‘Compact Variegata’ is a compact cultivar with variegated leaves.
Growing myrtle at home
Growing myrtle at home usually does not require the creation of any special conditions, the only thing to consider is the degree of illumination of the green mass. Myrtle tolerates some direct sunlight, but the plant must be protected from the summer midday sun. With a lack of light, the myrtle shoots stretch out, and the leaves become small and pale. In the case of excess light, the leaves turn yellow, and their edges curl. The plant prefers moderate temperatures: in summer they maintain 23 ° C, in winter – 8-10 ° C. At higher temperatures, the myrtle sheds its leaves. It needs access to fresh air, ventilation of the room, as it does not tolerate the neighborhood of other plants.
Myrtle care at home
It is watered regularly with soft water from spring to autumn, preventing water from accumulating in the pan, watering is limited in winter, when kept cool, it is watered only so that the clod of earth does not dry out.
During the period of active growth, caring for myrtle at home requires frequent – two to three times a day – spraying the leaves with warm water. Feed every ten days with complex mineral fertilizers. Transplanted in the spring: young plants annually, old ones after two or three years or as needed. Use a soil mixture of soddy, leafy soil, humus, peat and sand, taken in equal amounts. When transplanting, make sure that the base of the trunk remains at the same level, do not deepen it. The plant is easy to mold, regular pruning of the crown can create balls, pyramids and other beautiful shapes. However, frequent pruning of young shoots suppresses flowering.
Reproduction of myrtle at home
Reproduction of myrtle at home is allowed by seeds and stem cuttings in summer and spring. Cuttings are harvested from semi-lignified branches, then they are planted in the sand, watered well, sprayed, covered with a transparent plastic bag. The soil is occasionally aired. The optimal conditions for rooting are a temperature of 18-20 ° C and a well-lit place, but protected from direct sunlight. Roots appear within two to four weeks.
Seeds are sown in a loose mixture of peat and sand (1: 1), evenly distributing them over the surface of the substrate, sprinkled on top with a thin layer of the mixture. The container with seeds is covered with glass or a transparent plastic bag. The temperature should not be lower than 18-20°C. Crops are periodically ventilated, removing shelter. Seeds germinate in one to two weeks. Seedlings dive into pots when they have two true leaves. The substrate is prepared from sod land, humus, peat and sand, taken in equal proportions. When the roots completely braid the clod of earth, transshipment is carried out.
With vegetative propagation, myrtle blooms in the third year, when sowing seeds – in the fifth year.
Diseases and pests
Pests – scale insects and aphids, often affect old plants. With insufficient, excessive watering and excess heat, leaves may fall off. An overdried plant is immersed in water for 15-20 minutes, an overmoistened one must be transplanted.