Plant type: succulent.
Family – lilies.
Description: The name of the flower comes from its characteristic stomach-like shape. The fleshy, long, pointed foliage is combined into a two-row compressed rosette. There are small white spots on the leaves. The growth rate is slow but noticeable. Over time, the fan formed from the leaves gradually twists in a spiral.
- Origin: South Africa.
- Growing environment: indoor or greenhouse.
- Leaf ornament: absent.
- Aroma: absent.
- Care: does not require careful care.
- Temperature range: 10-24°C.
- Humidity level: moderate.
Flowering: present. In the process of flowering, Gasteria produces flowers collected in inflorescences. Color is reddish. Perianths are tubular. Individual flowers, as a rule, last for several days, and several dozen flowers grow on the peduncle. The peduncle itself can have an impressive length, about 75 centimeters. Between October and March, there is usually a dormant time.
Lighting: The best lighting for Gasteria is indirect bright sunlight coming from the east or west. In general, this plant can be in the shade for a long time, but this will negatively affect its inflorescence.
Soil Type: For the best Gasteria growth, use potting soil that absorbs water while retaining it, and adding sand is also recommended. If you want to choose the composition of the soil yourself, then you should use the following ratio: 3 parts coarse sand or perlite, 2 parts garden soil, 2 parts humus, 1 part washed aquarium charcoal, bone meal and limestone. A couple of eggshells can be used as a substitute for limestone. There must be a hole in the pot.
Watering: Water the gasteria and wait until the soil is barely damp until the next watering. If you use rainwater, be careful as it may contain harmful acids. Water with warm water. The flower should not be sprayed.
Fertilization: Fertilize the plant only twice a year. Once in April and once in June. Use a water soluble fertilizer.
Harmful insects: Gasteria has a tendency to mealy worms, plant aphids, scale insects and spider mites.
Reproduction: carried out in the spring by dividing and planting seeds. The soil should be evenly moist, pollinate from time to time and make sure there is no excess sunlight. If you propagate Gasteria with leaf cuttings, then you need to root them after the cut is slightly dry. In order to get the seeds, you need to shake the inflorescence so that pollen gets on the stigmas. The seeds will ripen by mid-summer. Gasteria seeds should be sown superficially on wet sand, sprinkled with a thin layer. Sowing must be covered with glass. Crops will germinate within 45-60 days. Seedlings develop very slowly, so it is better to propagate Gasteria with children, separating them from the main plant.
Transplantation: carried out, if necessary, in ordinary shallow pots with drainage. The optimal composition of the soil mixture is as follows: 1 part of soddy soil, 1 part of leafy soil or peat, 1 part of sand and 1/2 part of clay.
Care tips and tricks: Gasteria needs good ventilation and reduced watering in winter (no more than once a month), as it does not tolerate large amounts of moisture. Too much moisture in winter and low light in summer can cause leaves to wilt and stem to rot. In summer, it is desirable to take it out into the fresh air.