Cymbidium flower

The genus Cymbidium belongs to the Orchidaceae family. In nature, this type of orchid is found in the Himalayas, Myanmar, Thailand, India, Vietnam, Nepal, China and Australia, where it grows in any of the variants possible for orchids: epiphytic on trees, lithophytic on rocks and just on the ground. About 60 species have been discovered and described, which are found in various climatic zones.
One of the brightest representatives of these plants is Lowe’s cymbidium (Cymbidium lowianum) . This is a powerful plant with well-developed pseudobulbs, flowering stems and leaves up to 1m long. Lowe’s cymbidium flowers usually have narrow curved green petals and a creamy red-spotted lip.

Cymbidium hybrid

Cymbidium hybrid (Cymbidium hybridum) obtained as a result of selection. These are herbaceous epiphytic perennials grown as terrestrial plants with short (ovoid or flattened) stems topped with leaf sheaths. Individual specimens reach a height of 70 cm. The leaves are linear, keeled. Inflorescence – slightly drooping loose brush.

As can be seen in the photo, the hybrid cymbidium has large flowers up to 15 cm in diameter. Sepals and petals are most often monochromatic – from yellow to brownish; usually pastel colors, sometimes with a pattern formed by darker veins. Lip – brightly colored, three-lobed, most often motley.
They bloom in winter for several months. New shoots usually appear within a month of flowering from the base of older pseudobulbs. Plants need support.

Caring for a cymbidium orchid at home

Orchids are placed on the western or eastern windows – where there is bright but diffused lighting. In winter, plants need additional lighting. Indoor orchids cannot stand stuffiness and too warm air, so the room is often ventilated: in winter, plants protect from drafts. In summer, the cymbidium is kept at a temperature of 22-27°C, in winter – at 17-18°C. At night, it is advisable to lower the temperature by a few degrees – this will support flowering.
When caring for a cymbidium at home from May to September, it is necessary to take the plants to fresh air so that they can take advantage of the natural differences in night and day temperatures and bloom well. In summer, the plants are regularly sprayed with warm water. At the same time, it is important to avoid excessive watering and stagnant water, which can lead to root rot. In winter, watering is reduced, but does not allow the clod of earth to dry out and wrinkle pseudobulbs.
The cymbidium is regularly sprayed, but the water should not fall on the inflorescences. You can increase the humidity of the air by placing the pot on a pallet with wet expanded clay. During the period of active growth, every third watering is combined with top dressing, half of the recommended dose of fertilizers is applied. In mid-summer, reduce the proportion of nitrogen and increase the amount of potassium to lay flower buds for the next flowering season.
The soil mixture is prepared from humus, peat, sphagnum moss and sand (1: 1: 1: 0.5), crushed fern roots and charcoal are added. Good drainage is required. Plants are transplanted after flowering in the event that the pot has become cramped and the roots have shown out. Dry and damaged leaves are removed, wilted flowers are cut at a distance of 5-7 cm from the base of the peduncle.
The cymbidium orchid is propagated at home by division during transplantation. The delenka should have three or four green pseudobulbs. Old pseudobulbs, which can be recognized by the absence of leaves, and secondary (the smallest) are removed. It is impossible to bury pseudobulbs during transplantation – this leads to their decay. After transplanting, constantly keep the soil moist, which contributes to the emergence of new roots. Ticks, aphids, scale insects harm the cymbidium flower. Under the wrong conditions of detention, the development of fungal, bacterial and viral diseases is possible.

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