The genus Cycas (Cycas) or Cycad belongs to the Zamie family. Plants are common in the tropics of the Eastern Hemisphere (India, the Pacific Islands, Mascarene, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Java, Sulawesi, New Guinea, the Indochina Peninsula, Northeast Australia).
Cycas has an ovoid hairy stem covered with scales. According to the description, the cicada resembles a palm tree – pinnate dark green leaves with a thickening along the edge depart from the top of the stem.
Young leaves are first spirally twisted like those of ferns. The cicada flower grows slowly – only one row of leaves appears during the year. The life span of each leaf is three to ten years. Spore-bearing leaves with yellow tomentose pubescence are slightly curved.
On this page you can see photos of various types of cicadas, as well as get recommendations for caring for this plant at home.
Types of houseplant cycas
Cycas drooping (Cycas revoluta) has pinnate leaves 0.5-2 m long. Numerous leaves are narrowly linear, slightly recurved along the edges, decreasing towards the base, leathery, glossy, with a sharp apex, with one midrib.
Cycas curled, or cochlear (Cycas circinalis) , forms large leaves 1-2 m long. Young ones are directed upwards, later they are arranged semi-horizontally. The leaves are pinnate, with 50-60 leaves on each side of the rachis, lanceolate, flat, up to 25 cm long and 1.5 cm wide.
Australian cycas (Cycas cairnsiana) is distinguished by matte blue leaves.
Caring for indoor cicada at home
In winter and summer, indoor cicadas are kept in the brightest place, preferably on the southern windows, but on hot days protection from the midday sun is necessary. It tolerates temperature fluctuations, grows in warm and relatively cool rooms. In winter they are kept at a temperature of 12-16°C (minimum 8°C). Remember that when caring for cicas at home, it is important to maintain a certain humidity. At high temperatures in winter and dry air, the plant may shed its leaves. In summer, it is advisable to rearrange the pot with cicas on the balcony or in the garden in a place where it will be evenly lit from all sides and protected from the wind.
Water abundantly in spring and summer, moderately in winter. Does not tolerate stagnant water in a pot. When watering, do not allow water to get on the cycas cone, otherwise it will rot. He loves humid air, so the plant is sprayed regularly. The cicada grows very slowly, so they feed it carefully: from April to August – every two weeks with a special fertilizer for palm trees, starting from October – once a month, and the fertilizer concentration is halved. It is not recommended to use fertilizers with potassium and magnesium salts.
Young plants are transplanted annually, older than five years – as needed in a soil mixture of light soddy, leafy soil, humus, peat and sand (2: 1: 1: 1: 1), adding a little charcoal. Cycas prefers neutral or slightly acidic soils (pH 6.5-7). Good drainage is a must. When transplanting, make sure that the cycas cone is not buried in the ground.
Reproduction of cicada
Reproduction of cicadas is carried out by children (shoots) of at least 7 cm in diameter, which appear on the mother trunk, at the level of the soil. The children are separated with a sharp knife at the narrowing point, trying not to damage the main trunk. The place of the cut is sprinkled with crushed charcoal and dried for one to two days. All leaves are removed from children and planted in a soil mixture of leafy soil, peat and sand, taken in equal amounts, adding fine granite chips.
Coarse sand or perlite is also used as a substrate for rooting. Optimal conditions for rooting: temperature 27-29 ° C, no direct sunlight. Before the roots appear, water very moderately. It is advisable to apply soil heating and root formation stimulants. Children take root within 6-12 months.
Mealybug, spider mite, scale insects harm the indoor plant. Possible root rot.