Murraya (Murraya) belongs to the Rutovye family, lives in nature in Tropical Asia – in India, Indochina, on the islands of Sri Lanka, Java and Sumatra. The genus Murraya got its name in honor of the student of Carl Linnaeus, the Swedish professor of botany and medicine, Johan Andreas Murray (1740-1791).
Murraya paniculata and chokeberry
Panicled murray (Murraya paniculata) is grown indoors – an evergreen plant with a beautiful crown shape. Leathery dark green pinnate leaves with two or three pairs of leaflets reach a length of 5-7 cm. Snow-white fragrant murraya flowers up to 2 cm in diameter are single or collected in shields.
Flowering begins in February and continues until November. In August, the first fruits are tied – berries of various colors, from orange to lilac, bright red when ripe. Tasty healing fruits are tied without pollination, ripen for about four months. Home murraya does not have a pronounced dormant period, therefore, buds, flowers, unripe and ripe fruits can be seen on the plant at the same time.
Murraya Koenig, or chokeberry (Murraya koenigii) , is distinguished by very fragrant feathery leaves, which consist of elongated leaves.
After flowering, small fruits are formed, similar to berries, which, as they ripen, acquire a dark, almost black color.
Home murray care
Murraya loves the light, but direct sunlight can cause burns and drying of the leaves, so it is best to keep it on the east and west windows. In winter, the plant is moved to a cooler place with a temperature of 16-18 ° C, but away from window panes, otherwise it suffers from cold. If it is not possible to maintain such conditions, then the murray is placed away from the radiators and the leaves are washed weekly with warm settled water.
Young plants need a small but wide container to grow, as they grow larger pots will be required. The soil mixture should be slightly acidic (pH 6.0-6.5), contain turf and leaf soil, humus and sand (1: 1: 0.5: 1). When caring for murray at a young age, annual transplants are required, plants older than three years are transplanted once every two years. In adult plants, the topsoil is replaced annually.
Murraya is regularly watered all year round. If the plant does not form new shoots, then watering is temporarily stopped. Murraya needs daily spraying, once a week the leaves are washed with warm soft water, a weekly warm shower is useful.
They are fed from March to October alternately with complex mineral and organic fertilizers once every two weeks. With a lack of trace elements on calcareous soil, leaf chlorosis may begin (a light green and then yellow color appears). A similar phenomenon is observed with improper watering.
Murraya usually does not need crown formation. In order for the crown to grow evenly, it is enough to periodically rotate the plant relative to the light source. In the spring, before the start of the growing season, long shoots are shortened by 1/2-2/3 of the length. Shoots growing inward and thickening the crown are removed.
Murray is propagated by seeds and cuttings. Seed germination is high, but they quickly lose it, so they must be fresh. It is best to sow the seeds in the spring when daylight hours are growing. Seedlings appear two to three weeks after sowing. Seedlings are covered with a transparent cap and, as they grow, they are gradually accustomed to room conditions. When propagated by seeds, murraya blooms in a year.
Cuttings are cut in spring, in April-May, planted in a mixture of leafy soil with sand (1: 1), kept at a temperature of 26-30 ° C. Plants grown from cuttings bloom in the fifth or sixth year.
Whiteflies, spider mites, scale insects harm the murray plant. Murraya suffers from powdery mildew and root rot.