The fittonia flower can easily be attributed to indoor shrubs, since in the process of growth its shoots become woody and become like bush branches. Fittonia home flower grows in bright rooms, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. You can see the different types of Fittonia in the photo below and read the descriptions.
The genus Fittonia is a member of the large Acanthaceae family. The natural habitat of plants is the tropical forests of South America. The Fittonia plant is named after the English botanists – the sisters Elizabeth and Sarah Mary Fitton – for their creation of the first classical textbook of botany at the beginning of the 19th century.
Fittonia indoor flowers: types
Fittonia indoor flowers are represented by numerous varieties that have individual coloring and special decorative properties. We suggest reading about the most popular types of Fittonia with attached photos and descriptions.
Fittonia varieties :
Fittonia “Fortissimo” – a plant with creeping shoots and small oval leaves 3-4 cm long, matte and velvety, dark green, with an openwork mesh of very bright carmine-red veins;
Fittonia variety “Red” – with red leaves;
Fittonia “Skeleton” – a variety with yellow-green leaves and a clear network of pink-red veins.
Silver-veined Fittonia (Fittonia argyroneura) differs from the previous species in white venation on the leaves. In culture, a variety with pure white veins var. argyroneura and its small-leaved form f microphylla (Fittonia argyroneura var. argyroneura f microphylla).
Fittonia giant (Fittonia gigantea) is a larger (up to 60 cm high) plant with upright woody shoots. Shiny dark green leaves with reddish veins, almost heart-shaped, reach a length of 16 cm. The flowers are light red, with a brown tint and with a yellow spot.
Fittonia Verschaffelt (Fittonia verschaffeltii) is a perennial herbaceous plant up to 10 cm high with open shoots rooting at the nodes. Strongly branching stems are densely pubescent with hairs: young ones are silvery, old ones are greenish.
Leaves up to 10 cm long, dark green or olive, matte, with a dense network of bright carmine-red veins. The flowers are small, yellow, collected in apical spicate inflorescence, each flower is covered from below by a large bract.
The plant is given a bright place, but protected from direct sunlight. They are kept in summer at a temperature of 20-22°C, in winter – at 16-18°C. Fittonia does not like a sharp temperature drop – it can shed its leaves. Plants do not tolerate too dry air and drafts, so it is recommended to keep them in small enclosed spaces, in dry aquariums, special florariums.
Fettonia care at home
Watered regularly. The soil should be constantly moderately moist, but without excess water in the pot. In winter, water less often, use soft water at room temperature. When kept in rooms, a pot with a plant is placed on a pallet with wet pebbles, often sprayed.
Fettonia care at home is accompanied by regular fertilizing with liquid complex fertilizer from April to August every two to three weeks, however, it must be remembered that Fittonia is very sensitive to excess fertilizer, so the fertilizer concentration is reduced by half relative to the dose indicated in the instructions.
The plant is transplanted annually in the spring. Young plants are the most decorative, so Fittonia should be updated every two to three years. The soil mixture is prepared from sod land, peat and sand (2: 2: 1). Plant plants in wide pots, drainage is required. Over time, the lower part of the Fittonia stem becomes bare. In the spring, the shoots are pruned.
Propagated by apical cuttings, division of plants and layering. In spring or early summer, apical cuttings 5-8 cm long with three to five leaves are cut. They are planted in a mixture of peat and sand and placed in a greenhouse with high humidity and a temperature of 25 ° C. The use of root stimulants is not necessary. Roots will form in about two to three weeks. Divide Fittonia during transplantation. When propagated by layering, the stem without leaves is sprinkled with earth, regularly watered. When the roots appear, it is carefully separated from the mother plant and planted in a separate pot.
Diseases and pests
Harm thrips, spider mites, mealybugs.