Bacopa (Bacopa) is an unpretentious ampelous plant of the Norichnikov family, native to South Africa and the Canary Islands. The second name of the plant is sutera, this flower can spread along the ground in the form of a ground cover, rooting at each node.
Bacopa flowers are also used as a screen, setting up supports, directing the shoots up and fixing them. In culture since 1993. It has remarkable properties – bacopa blooms for a long time and is capable of self-cleaning from wilted flowers. Suter flowers do not lose their decorative effect even during prolonged rains.
Types of bacopa and their photos
Bacopa beautiful (Bacopa diffuses = Vasora speciosa) forms a lush spherical bush with shoots up to 60 cm long, all covered with white, blue or pink single five-petal flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, which are formed in the axils of the leaves. As you can see in the bacopa photo, there are varieties with larger flowers, such as ‘Snowflake’ and ‘Cabana’. Small lanceolate whole leaves are arranged on the stem in the next order.
Bacopa Monnieri is a succulent plant with creeping stems. The leaves of this type of bacopa are sessile, oblong, 0.8-2 cm long, entire or with sparse teeth along the edge, rounded at the end. Flowers are axillary. Corolla blue, purple or white, up to 1 cm long.
Sutera heart-shaped (Bacopa cordata) is a type of bacopa about 15 cm high. It is a herbaceous perennial with small or medium green leaves.
The flowers are numerous, five-petalled, axillary or located at the ends of the shoots, white, pink or violet-blue.
The plant is quite photophilous, but can withstand light shading. With a lack of lighting, the shoots stretch out, increasing the length of the internodes, flowering weakens and may completely stop.
When grown in containers, bacopa prefers slightly acidic (pH 6.5) soil mixtures of humus, peat, leaf soil and sand (2: 1: 1: 2), in the garden – a mixture of garden soil and peat (1: 1).
When caring for bacopa, it should be borne in mind that this is a moisture-loving plant. During the period of active growth, it is responsive to watering – the plant should be watered abundantly, often, especially during the hot dry period.
Once every ten days, the suter is fed with mineral and organic fertilizers, alternating them. The use of microfertilizers gives the leaves a brighter shade. For better formation of side shoots, pinch the growth points of the main shoots. In winter, watering is limited and plants are kept in a bright room at a temperature of 8-15 ° C.
Bacopa is propagated by seeds and cuttings. Seeds are sown on seedlings in March superficially, slightly pressing them to moist, breathable, loose soil. Crops are kept in a room with a temperature not lower than 18 ° C and high humidity. The optimum temperature is 20-23°C. Seedlings appear 10-14 days after sowing.
The first picking is carried out when one or two true leaves are formed. Plants are planted in boxes, keeping a distance of 2 cm between specimens. Seedlings can be fed with a low concentration fertilizer (50% of the recommended solution for adult plants). Growing temperature 22-26°C. The second pick is carried out in separate pots with a depth of one node, so that the plants grow more stably in the substrate. After the second picking, they are fed with full mineral fertilizers, which contain more nitrogen and phosphorus, and the plants are also hardened – the temperature is reduced to 15-24 ° C during the day and 13-15 ° C at night.
The best time for cuttings is from January to April or late summer (when pruning too long shoots). Root cuttings in water or in a loose soil substrate. Planted or transferred plants to open ground in mid-May.
Perhaps the development of gray rot and soot fungus. Bacopa is often damaged by whiteflies and aphids.